Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

New method to reduce disease-causing inflammation discovered

Date:
June 16, 2014
Source:
University of Georgia
Summary:
An enzyme known as Tumor Progression Locus 2, or Tpl2, plays a key role in directing and regulating several important components of the body's immune system, researchers report. Their discovery may one day lead to new treatments for many common autoimmune diseases. "This is an emerging field," one researcher said. "We have a lot of work to do, but many of our preliminary results are promising."

Researchers at the University of Georgia report in the Journal of Biological Chemistry that an enzyme known as Tumor Progression Locus 2, or Tpl2, plays a key role in directing and regulating several important components of the body's immune system. Their discovery may one day lead to new treatments for many common autoimmune diseases.

"We know that immune dysfunction plays a serious role in a number of conditions, and we need better methods for controlling chronic inflammation," said Wendy Watford, assistant professor of infectious diseases in UGA's College of Veterinary Medicine and principal investigator for the study. "Our laboratory is searching for ways to disrupt the fundamental cellular processes that cause inflammation and disease."

The human immune system is an extraordinarily complex system of cells, proteins, tissues and organs that, when everything works properly, search out and destroy disease-causing toxins and pathogens like bacteria and viruses. But sometimes it becomes confused, and the microscopic troops that normally attack only invaders turn their weapons on healthy tissues.

The resulting inflammation caused by wayward defense cells is associated with a number of autoimmune diseases and conditions, including diabetes, obesity, depression, heart disease, stroke, respiratory disease and certain cancers.

Watford and her colleagues conducted tests with genetically modified mice lacking the Tpl2 enzyme in which they stimulated the animal's immune system and observed the behavior of several proteins known as chemokine receptors.

Chemokines act like a dispatcher, alerting the immune system's army of white blood cells to potential threats and directing them to problem areas.

The researchers found activity of three chemokine receptors-known as CCR1, CCR2 and CCR5-were reduced in Tpl2 negative mice. With these proteins operating at reduced capacity, fewer of the white blood cells commonly associated with autoimmune disease are able to accumulate at inflamed tissues where they can attack healthy tissue.

While reducing Tpl2 expression may ease the burden of many painful and debilitating disorders, it also weakens the immune system, making it harder for the body to fight off bacteria, viruses, parasites and cancerous cells.

"A number of laboratories throughout the world have researched the inhibition of chemokine receptors as a potential therapy for a variety of disorders," Watford said. "We still face a number of hurdles, but we hope that this may one day serve as the foundation for a new approach to disease treatment."

The research group is planning additional tests using mouse models that mimic the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis to see if Tpl2 inhibition will reduce inflammation and ease symptoms.

"This is an emerging field," Watford said. "We have a lot of work to do, but many of our preliminary results are promising."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by University of Georgia. The original article was written by James Hataway. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. S. M. Rowley, T. Kuriakose, L. M. Dockery, T. Tran-Ngyuen, A. D. Gingerich, L. Wei, W. T. Watford. Tumor Progression Locus 2 (Tpl2) Kinase Promotes Chemokine Receptor Expression and Macrophage Migration during Acute Inflammation. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 2014; 289 (22): 15788 DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M114.559344

Cite This Page:

University of Georgia. "New method to reduce disease-causing inflammation discovered." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 16 June 2014. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/06/140616130907.htm>.
University of Georgia. (2014, June 16). New method to reduce disease-causing inflammation discovered. ScienceDaily. Retrieved August 1, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/06/140616130907.htm
University of Georgia. "New method to reduce disease-causing inflammation discovered." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/06/140616130907.htm (accessed August 1, 2014).

Share This




More Health & Medicine News

Friday, August 1, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

House Republicans Vote to Sue Obama Over Healthcare Law

House Republicans Vote to Sue Obama Over Healthcare Law

Reuters - US Online Video (July 31, 2014) The Republican-led House of Representatives votes to sue President Obama, accusing him of overstepping his executive authority in making changes to the Affordable Care Act. Mana Rabiee reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Despite Health Questions, E-Cigs Are Beneficial: Study

Despite Health Questions, E-Cigs Are Beneficial: Study

Newsy (July 31, 2014) Citing 81 previous studies, new research out of London suggests the benefits of smoking e-cigarettes instead of regular ones outweighs the risks. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Dangerous Bacteria Kills One in Florida

Dangerous Bacteria Kills One in Florida

AP (July 31, 2014) Sarasota County, Florida health officials have issued a warning against eating raw oysters and exposing open wounds to coastal and inland waters after a dangerous bacteria killed one person and made another sick. (July 31) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Health Insurers' Profits Slide

Health Insurers' Profits Slide

Reuters - Business Video Online (July 30, 2014) Obamacare-related costs were said to be behind the profit plunge at Wellpoint and Humana, but Wellpoint sees the new exchanges boosting its earnings for the full year. Fred Katayama reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins