The World Cup in Brazil may be attracting a global armchair audience of millions, but new research has shown that playing soccer could help lower blood pressure in women aged 35-50.
Women within this age group with mild high blood pressure achieve a significant reduction in blood pressure and body fat percentage through playing recreational soccer for 15 weeks. This is the finding of a new study conducted in a collaboration between researchers across four countries, including Professor Peter Krustrup of the University of Exeter.
The Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports is today publishing two articles on recreational soccer for older women. The first article shows that 35‒50-year-old untrained women with mild high blood pressure achieve a significant improvement in physical fitness and a considerable reduction in blood pressure and body fat percentage after 3 x 1-hour soccer training sessions per week over 15 weeks. The second article describes the enthusiasm of women for the recreational soccer concept soccer Fitness, which is currently being rolled out in soccer clubs across Denmark.
"After 15 weeks of participation in recreational soccer, systolic and diastolic blood pressure had fallen by 12 and 6 millimetres of mercury (mmHg) and the women had lost 2.3 kg of fat on average," says project leader Magni Mohr. "The soccer training produced an impressive reduction in blood pressure that was more than twice as big as with swimming performed over the same period as the soccer."
The researchers also found that women like playing soccer even if they have no previous experience of the game. Magni Mohr added: "The players faithfully attended training, with an attendance rate of over 90%. In fact, through the project period they came to enjoy playing so much that they have now started up their own soccer club."
"Our previous studies have shown that 16 weeks of soccer training reduces blood pressure in 20‒45-year-old women with normal blood pressure, but this is the first study that has looked at the effects of recreational soccer in women with high blood pressure," says Professor Peter Krustrup, who has been studying the health effects of recreational soccer and many other forms of physical activity for the past 10 years.
"As well as the impressive effects on blood pressure and body composition, we also saw a drop in cholesterol and a big improvement in physical fitness as a result of the 15 weeks of soccer training," says Krustrup. "In fact, the women were able to run more than twice as far in a Yo-Yo Intermittent Endurance Test and their heart rate was 14 beats per minute lower when working at moderate intensity. Recreational soccer is an effective therapy for poor fitness and high blood pressure in 35‒50-year-old women."
"Traditionally, there haven't been so many older female players in English, Faroese or Danish soccer clubs, but the relatively new Danish initiative of soccer Fitness has really caught on with women," says sports sociologist Laila Ottesen, currently engaged in an extensive study of the soccer Fitness concept, which was started in 2011 by the Danish soccer Association and the Danish Sports Confederation.
"At present, there are 180 soccer clubs across Denmark offering soccer Fitness. In just a few years, the initiative has become hugely popular with women, who currently make up almost 75% of players. soccer Fitness is about training in a fun, sociable and healthy way and not about playing matches against local rivals," says Ottesen.
"Matches are not part of the package, and consequently soccer Fitness appeals to a lot of women who have never been in a soccer club before, in Denmark and and probably also many other countries" concludes Ottesen.
In the training project, 41 untrained women aged 35‒50 years with mild high blood pressure of around 140/90 mmHg were randomly assigned to either a soccer training group or an inactive control group. The soccer group trained for 1 hour three times a week for 15 weeks. The training was performed on artificial grass in Torshavn in the Faroes. An extensive testing protocol was used before the start of training and on completion of the 15-week period.
- S. Bennike, J. M. Wikman, L. S. Ottesen. Football Fitness - a new version of football? A concept for adult players in Danish football clubs. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 2014; 24: 138 DOI: 10.1111/sms.12276
- M. Mohr, A. Lindenskov, P. M. Holm, H. P. Nielsen, J. Mortensen, P. Weihe, P. Krustrup. Football training improves cardiovascular health profile in sedentary, premenopausal hypertensive women. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 2014; 24: 36 DOI: 10.1111/sms.12278
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