Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Single-dose breast cancer treatment offers new hope for early-stage breast cancer patients

Date:
July 2, 2014
Source:
Rush University Medical Center
Summary:
Women with early-stage breast cancer may now receive a one-dose radiation treatment at the same time as lumpectomy surgery, eliminating the need to return to the hospital daily for up to six weeks for post surgical radiation treatments. The relatively new treatment option, intraoperative radiation therapy (IORT), delivers one precise, concentrated dose of radiation to the tumor site immediately following surgical removal of the cancer.

Women with early-stage breast cancer may now receive a one-dose radiation treatment at the same time as lumpectomy surgery, eliminating the need to return to the hospital daily for up to six weeks for post surgical radiation treatments.

Related Articles


The relatively new treatment option available at Rush, intraoperative radiation therapy (IORT), delivers one precise, concentrated dose of radiation to the tumor site immediately following surgical removal of the cancer.

After the breast cancer is removed, a catheter-like device with a balloon at the tip is inserted into the lupectomy cavity. The balloon is inflated with saline and the radiation therapy source docks precisely into the catheter to deliver radiation to the breast tissue surrounding the cavity where the tumor was removed, while avoiding radiation to nearby organs. At the end of radiation treatment, the balloon is deflated and easily removed and the cavity is closed.

"We currently perform IORT for women with early-stage breast cancer. However, there is exciting research about using this modality for other types of patients, including those with breast cancer recurrences or those who are undergoing a nipple-preserving mastectomy" said Dr. Katherine Kopkash, assistant professor of surgery, Rush University Medical Center.

Typically, breast cancers treated with a lumpectomy require radiation therapy following surgery to ensure the lowest risk of recurrence. Standard radiation treatment requires patients to return after healing from surgery to begin daily radiation treatment to the entire breast five days per week, for a total of three to six weeks.

"While recovery time from surgery with intraoperative radiation therapy is the same as surgeries performed without IORT, the patients' overall time spent in the hospital receiving treatments for breast cancer is drastically decreased. This option allows patients to return to their lives faster by potentially reducing the need for further therapies and enhancing their quality of life," Kopkash said.

IORT can be an especially important treatment option for women who live in rural areas and must travel a great distance for their breast cancer treatment," said Kopkash. "The distance creates a real obstacle for women to repeatedly return for radiation treatment. Unfortunately, these women often choose to have a mastectomy in order to avoid the need for radiation."

Currently IORT is still not widely available in the United States, but has been used in Europe since the 1990s. It started being used more extensively in the United States about a decade ago and has been studied in clinical trials. Rush began treating with its IORT unit in February of 2014. Over 15 women have already been treated with IORT by Kopkash and her colleagues at Rush.

Breast cancer patients at Rush are able to be seen by a medical oncologist, a radiation oncologist and a surgeon at the same time at the Coleman Foundation Comprehensive Breast Cancer Clinic. These cancer physicians work as a team to outline a well-defined diagnosis and treatment plan for each patient.

According to the American Cancer Society, approximately 40,000 women die annually from breast cancer and 232,670 new cases will be diagnosed in women each year.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Rush University Medical Center. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Rush University Medical Center. "Single-dose breast cancer treatment offers new hope for early-stage breast cancer patients." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 2 July 2014. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/07/140702122246.htm>.
Rush University Medical Center. (2014, July 2). Single-dose breast cancer treatment offers new hope for early-stage breast cancer patients. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 26, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/07/140702122246.htm
Rush University Medical Center. "Single-dose breast cancer treatment offers new hope for early-stage breast cancer patients." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/07/140702122246.htm (accessed October 26, 2014).

Share This



More Health & Medicine News

Sunday, October 26, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Texas Nurse Nina Pham Cured of Ebola

Texas Nurse Nina Pham Cured of Ebola

AFP (Oct. 25, 2014) — An American nurse who contracted Ebola while caring for a Liberian patient in Texas has been declared free of the virus and will leave the hospital. Duration: 01:01 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Toxin-Packed Stem Cells Used To Kill Cancer

Toxin-Packed Stem Cells Used To Kill Cancer

Newsy (Oct. 25, 2014) — A Harvard University Research Team created genetically engineered stem cells that are able to kill cancer cells, while leaving other cells unharmed. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
IKEA Desk Converts From Standing to Sitting With One Button

IKEA Desk Converts From Standing to Sitting With One Button

Buzz60 (Oct. 24, 2014) — IKEA is out with a new convertible desk that can convert from a sitting desk to a standing one with just the push of a button. Jen Markham explains. Video provided by Buzz60
Powered by NewsLook.com
Ebola Protective Suits Being Made in China

Ebola Protective Suits Being Made in China

AFP (Oct. 24, 2014) — A factory in China is busy making Ebola protective suits for healthcare workers and others fighting the spread of the virus. Duration: 00:38 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories

 

Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:  

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile iPhone Android Web
Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins