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How the sun caused an aurora this week

Date:
August 20, 2014
Source:
NASA
Summary:
On the evening of Aug. 20, 2014, the International Space Station was flying past North America when it flew over the dazzling, green blue lights of an aurora. On board, astronaut Reid Wiseman captured this image of the aurora, seen from above.
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An aurora dances in the atmosphere on Aug. 20, 2014, as the International Space Station flew over North America. This image was captured by astronaut Reid Wiseman from his vantage point on the ISS.
Credit: NASA

On the evening of Aug. 20, 2014, the International Space Station was flying past North America when it flew over the dazzling, green blue lights of an aurora. On board, astronaut Reid Wiseman captured this image of the aurora, seen from above.

This auroral display was due to a giant cloud of gas from the sun – a coronal mass ejection or CME – that collided with Earth's magnetic fields on Aug. 19, 2014, at 1:57 a.m. EDT. This event set off, as it often does, what's called a geomagnetic storm.  This is a kind of space weather event where the magnetic fields surrounding Earth compress and release. This oscillation is much like a spring moving back and forth, but unlike a spring, moving magnetic fields cause an unstable environment, setting charged particles moving and initiating electric currents.

The geomagnetic storm passed within 24 hours or so but, while it was ongoing, the solar particles and magnetic fields caused the release of particles already trapped near Earth.  These, in turn, triggered reactions in the upper atmosphere in which oxygen and nitrogen molecules released photons of light. 

The result: an aurora, and a special sight for the astronauts on board the space station.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by NASA. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

NASA. "How the sun caused an aurora this week." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 20 August 2014. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/08/140820181703.htm>.
NASA. (2014, August 20). How the sun caused an aurora this week. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 25, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/08/140820181703.htm
NASA. "How the sun caused an aurora this week." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/08/140820181703.htm (accessed April 25, 2015).

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