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How mushrooms spread spores

An ascocarp, or ascoma (plural: ascomata), is the fruiting body of an ascomycete fungus.

It consists of very tightly interwoven hyphae and may contain millions of asci, each of which contains typically eight ascospores.

Ascocarps are most commonly bowl-shaped, but may take on a number of other designs.

The ascocarp is classified according to its placement.

It is termed epigeous if it grows above ground, as with the morels, whilst underground ascocarps, such as truffles are hypogeous.

Note:   The above text is excerpted from the Wikipedia article "How mushrooms spread spores", which has been released under the GNU Free Documentation License.
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December 2, 2015

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