The study combined horizontal and vertical policy interactions with three policy layers: policy objectives, policy instruments and thematic elements in implementation. National bioenergy policies were found to vary greatly, and to have complex interlinkages to national renewable energy and forest policies (horizontal dimension) and to EU policies (vertical dimension). Horizontally, the national bioenergy objectives are closely linked to forest policy objectives and, in Finland, also to renewable energy objectives. Policy instruments promoting bioenergy demand interact to various degrees with both renewable energy and forest policies, while supply side instruments, as well as implementation aspects, interact most closely with forest policies.
The researchers believe that the analytical framework they have used in their study could be extended to broader policy and market developments, more countries and diverse stakeholder opinions. This could support structured debates of how to minimize conflicts and enhance synergies among multiple forest objectives in bioenergy policies as well as in broader policy elaborations.
"Forest-based bioenergy policies in five European countries: An explorative study of interactions with national and EU policies" by B.H. Lindstad, T. Pistorius, F. Ferranti, G. Dominguez, E. Gorriz-Mifsud, M. Kurttila, V. Leban, P. Navarro, D.M. Peters, S. Pezdevsek Malovrh, I. Prokofieva, A. Schuck, B. Solberg, H. Viiri, L. Zadnik Stirn and J. Krc has been published in
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