Biochemistry Research News
July 27, 2016

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July 27, 2016

July 27, 2016 — A DNA analysis of living and extinct species of mysterious New Zealand wrens may change theories around the country's geological and evolutionary ... read more

July 27, 2016 — Drugs for livestock can harm beneficial organisms that break down dung. Therefore newly developed medical substances need to be tested on single species in the lab. An international research group ... read more

Real-Time Imaging of Fish Gut Ties Bacterial Competition to Gut Movements

July 26, 2016 — In recent years, numerous diseases have been tied to variations in gut microbiota. The probiotics industry targets gut and intestinal health by developing products built mostly around enzyme cultures ... read more

Genome-Editing 'Toolbox' Targets Multiple Genes at Once

July 26, 2016 — Scientists have designed a system to modify, or edit, multiple genes in the genome simultaneously, while also minimizing unintended effects. The gene-editing 'toolbox' provides a ... read more

Fermenting Carbon Monoxide Into Biofuel

July 26, 2016 — Biological engineers have deciphered the cellular strategy to make the biofuel ethanol, using an anaerobic microbe feeding on carbon monoxide -- a common industrial waste ... read more

July 26, 2016 — At 2.7 million square miles, the Amazon Jungle is the world's largest rainforest. Researchers now believe the rainforest has different levels of photosynthesis, with more during the dry season. ... read more

July 26, 2016 — A regulatory protein named ERI-1 helps ensure that all cells in a tissue remain identical to one another, a research team has discovered for the first time. The work involved an unusual collaboration ... read more

July 26, 2016 — Scientists have identified a novel virus -- 'Poecivirus' -- that has been linked to avian keratin disorder (AKD), a disease responsible for debilitating beak overgrowth and whose cause has ... read more

Plasma Technology Can Be Tapped to Kill Biofilms on Perishable Fruit, Foods

July 26, 2016 — Seeing fruit 'turn bad and going to waste' inspired a team of researchers in China to explore using atmospheric pressure nonequilibrium plasma as a novel solution to extend the shelf life ... read more

Towards Smarter Crop Plants to Feed the World

July 26, 2016 — Plant scientists have made an important advance in understanding the natural diversity of a key plant enzyme which could help us address the looming threat of global food ... read more

New Era in Global Fightback Against Deadly Antibiotic Resistance

July 26, 2016 — 2016 marks the year a ‘long overdue’ scientific fightback against the threat of antibiotic resistance finally gets ... read more

July 26, 2016 — The cold waters in Weddell, in the Antarctic ocean, are the environment in which a new marine invertebrate species -- the nudibranchs <em>Doto carinova</em> -- has been ... read more

July 26, 2016 — Japanese tadpoles can live and grow in natural hots springs, or onsen, with water temperatures as high as 46.1oC (115oF). Living in onsen may benefit the tadpoles’ immune systems, speed their ... read more

Migratory Birds Are Not a Reservoir for Highly Pathogenic Flu Viruses, Evidence Suggests

July 25, 2016 — The H5 avian influenza A virus that devastated North American poultry farms in 2014-15 was initially spread by migratory waterfowl, but evidence suggests such highly pathogenic flu viruses do not ... read more

Scientists Test Nanoparticle Drug Delivery in Dogs With Osteosarcoma

July 25, 2016 — An engineer teamed up with a veterinarian to test a bone cancer drug delivery system in animals bigger than the standard animal model, the mouse. They chose dogs -- mammals closer in size and biology ... read more

July 25, 2016 — Bears, wolves and other large carnivores are frightening beasts but the fear they inspire in their prey pales in comparison to that caused by the human 'super predator.' A new study ... read more

July 25, 2016 — How spider silk transmits phonons -- quanta of sound -- could inspire novel materials to manipulate sound and heat, according to ... read more

July 25, 2016 — The precise mechanisms involved in tomato softening have remained a mystery until now. Research has identified a gene that encodes an enzyme which plays a crucial role in controlling softening of the ... read more

Novel Technique to 'Taste' DNA

July 25, 2016 — Scientists have demonstrated for the first time that it is possible to selectively sequence fragments of DNA in real time, greatly reducing the time needed to analyze biological ... read more

July 25, 2016 — A study of sepals in Arabidopsis plants reveals the mystery of how uniformity in flowers and organs occurs. In the study, the diverse international team used an interdisciplinary approach that ... read more

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