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Flexitime works better for men than women, study finds

Date:
August 18, 2016
Source:
University of Kent
Summary:
Flexitime and having autonomy over working hours -- known as schedule control -- impacts differently on men and women and may increase the gender pay gap.
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Flexitime and having autonomy over working hours -- known as schedule control -- impacts differently on men and women and may increase the gender pay gap.

That's the conclusion of new research co-led by the University of Kent that shows that although schedule control is associated with increases in overtime and income, it is men that benefit more.

The research, from the University's School of Social Policy, Sociology and Social Research and the Hans-Bockler Foundation, Dusseldorf, Germany, showed that the increase in overtime was much higher for men, meaning that schedule control has the potential to 'traditionalise' gender roles. This was because of the large number of women taking part in the study sample who were working part-time.

Researchers found a considerable 'gender gap' in the income gained through schedule control. Both men and women gain additional income when using schedule control mediated via overtime hours. However, women, even full-time working women, do not reap the direct benefit men do in terms of income gains. In fact, the research suggests schedule control may potentially increase the gender pay gap.

The researchers found that this gender discrepancy exists even when they took into account the gender segregation of the labour market, i.e., sectors and occupations, as well as other characteristics such as an individual's ambition or work devotion.

The research, entitled Gender Discrepancies in the Outcomes of Schedule Control on Overtime Hours and Income in Germany, was co-authored by Dr Heejung Chung of the University of Kent and Dr Yvonne Lott of the Hans-Bockler Foundation. It is published in the European Sociological Review


Story Source:

Materials provided by University of Kent. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Yvonne Lott, Heejung Chung. Gender Discrepancies in the Outcomes of Schedule Control on Overtime Hours and Income in Germany. European Sociological Review, 2016; jcw032 DOI: 10.1093/esr/jcw032

Cite This Page:

University of Kent. "Flexitime works better for men than women, study finds." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 18 August 2016. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/08/160818102557.htm>.
University of Kent. (2016, August 18). Flexitime works better for men than women, study finds. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 23, 2017 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/08/160818102557.htm
University of Kent. "Flexitime works better for men than women, study finds." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/08/160818102557.htm (accessed May 23, 2017).

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