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New mathematical model shows how diversity speeds consensus

Date:
January 8, 2020
Source:
NYU Tandon School of Engineering
Summary:
Scientific literature abounds with examples of ways in which member diversity can benefit a group -- whether spider colonies' ability to forage or an industrial company's financial performance. Now, a newly published mathematical framework substantiates the seemingly counterintuitive observations made by prior scholars: interaction among dissimilar individuals can speed consensus.
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Scientific literature abounds with examples of ways in which member diversity can benefit a group -- whether spider colonies' ability to forage or an industrial company's financial performance. Now, a newly published mathematical framework substantiates the seemingly counterintuitive observations made by prior scholars: Interaction among dissimilar individuals can speed consensus.

The NYU Tandon School of Engineering research team studying under Institute Professor Maurizio Porfiri and Visiting Professor Alessandro Rizzo applied stochastic tools, used to predict random occurrences, because leaders and followers both encounter many unpredictable interactions during their decision-making process. The team's model also accounts for wide varieties of individuals -- and individual performance -- within a group and recognizes the members' varying ability to make meaningful communications connections.

The model correctly anticipated prior theoretical and empirical observations in which groups of human or animal leaders attempted to steer the dynamics of a set of followers toward a desired state.

"Leader-Follower Consensus on Activity-Driven Networks" is available in Proceedings of the Royal Society A. The U.S. National Science Foundation, the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, and the Compagnia di San Paolo supported the research.


Story Source:

Materials provided by NYU Tandon School of Engineering. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Jalil Hasanyan, Lorenzo Zino, Daniel Alberto Burbano Lombana, Alessandro Rizzo, Maurizio Porfiri. Leader–follower consensus on activity-driven networks. Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 2020; 476 (2233): 20190485 DOI: 10.1098/rspa.2019.0485

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NYU Tandon School of Engineering. "New mathematical model shows how diversity speeds consensus." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 8 January 2020. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2020/01/200108131733.htm>.
NYU Tandon School of Engineering. (2020, January 8). New mathematical model shows how diversity speeds consensus. ScienceDaily. Retrieved March 1, 2024 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2020/01/200108131733.htm
NYU Tandon School of Engineering. "New mathematical model shows how diversity speeds consensus." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2020/01/200108131733.htm (accessed March 1, 2024).

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