An industrial robot is an automatically controlled, reprogrammable, multipurpose manipulator programmable in three or more axes.
The field of industrial robotics may be more practically defined as the study, design and use of robot systems for manufacturing (a top-level definition relying on the prior definition of robot).
Typical applications of industrial robots include welding, painting, ironing, assembly, pick and place, palletizing, product inspection, and testing, all accomplished with high endurance, speed, and precision.
The most commonly used robot configurations for industrial automation, include articulated robots, SCARA robots and gantry robots.
In the context of general robotics, most types of industrial robots would fall into the category of robot arms.