Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Metabolic Syndrome Strongly Linked To Heart Attack And Stroke

Date:
December 18, 2003
Source:
American Heart Association
Summary:
Four hallmarks of the metabolic syndrome – high blood pressure, high blood triglycerides, low blood HDL cholesterol and insulin resistance – are independently and significantly linked to heart attack and stroke, data from a national survey indicates.

DALLAS, Dec. 16 – Four hallmarks of the metabolic syndrome – high blood pressure, high blood triglycerides, low blood HDL cholesterol and insulin resistance – are independently and significantly linked to heart attack and stroke, data from a national survey indicates.

The study, reported in today's rapid access issue of Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association, is the first to use a large sample of subjects chosen to mirror the U.S. population, researchers said. Many studies have linked the metabolic syndrome to an increased risk of heart attack and/or stroke.

A fifth hallmark of the syndrome is obesity. Having any three of the five conditions amounts to the metabolic syndrome.

The study analyzed data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), a large national survey of the U.S. population ages 20 to 89 taken between 1988 and 1994. The 10,357 subjects were evaluated for the metabolic syndrome and questioned about a history of heart attack or stroke. Twenty-four percent of them had the metabolic syndrome.

The study found that having the metabolic syndrome doubled the risk of heart attack/stroke, said lead author John Ninomiya, a doctoral student in epidemiology at the University of California at San Diego. High triglycerides had the strongest relationship with disease, increasing the odds of having had a heart attack or stroke by 66 percent. High blood pressure increased the chances by 44 percent. Having insulin resistance – in which the body is unable to process blood sugar efficiently raised the risk by 30 percent. Low HDL cholesterol increased the risk 35 percent.

In this study, abdominal obesity was not independently associated with heart attack or stroke, but other studies have found an association. Obesity contributes to the other syndrome conditions.

In an accompanying editorial, Prakash C. Deedwania, M.D., chief of cardiology at the Veteran's Administration Central California Health Care System and professor of medicine at the University of California School of Medicine in San Francisco, warns that the increasing rates of metabolic syndrome worldwide could result in a pandemic of cardiovascular disease.

Ninomiya's co-authors are Michael H. Criqui, M.D., M.P.H.; Gilbert L'Italien, Ph.D.; Joanna L. Whyte, M.S., R.D., M.S.P.H.; Anthony Gamet, Ph.D.; and Roland S. Chen, M.D.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by American Heart Association. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

American Heart Association. "Metabolic Syndrome Strongly Linked To Heart Attack And Stroke." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 18 December 2003. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2003/12/031217071656.htm>.
American Heart Association. (2003, December 18). Metabolic Syndrome Strongly Linked To Heart Attack And Stroke. ScienceDaily. Retrieved August 28, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2003/12/031217071656.htm
American Heart Association. "Metabolic Syndrome Strongly Linked To Heart Attack And Stroke." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2003/12/031217071656.htm (accessed August 28, 2014).

Share This




More Health & Medicine News

Thursday, August 28, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Mini Pacemaker Has No Wires

Mini Pacemaker Has No Wires

Ivanhoe (Aug. 27, 2014) Cardiac experts are testing a new experimental device designed to eliminate major surgery and still keep the heart on track. Video provided by Ivanhoe
Powered by NewsLook.com
After Cancer: Rebuilding Breasts With Fat

After Cancer: Rebuilding Breasts With Fat

Ivanhoe (Aug. 27, 2014) More than 269 million women are diagnosed with breast cancer each year. Many of them will need surgery and radiation, but there’s a new simple way to reconstruct tissue using a patient’s own fat. Video provided by Ivanhoe
Powered by NewsLook.com
Blood Clots in Kids

Blood Clots in Kids

Ivanhoe (Aug. 27, 2014) Every year, up to 200,000 Americans die from a blood clot that travels to their lungs. You’ve heard about clots in adults, but new research shows kids can get them too. Video provided by Ivanhoe
Powered by NewsLook.com
Radio Waves Knock out Knee Pain

Radio Waves Knock out Knee Pain

Ivanhoe (Aug. 27, 2014) Doctors have used radio frequency ablation or RFA to reduce neck and back pain for years. But now, that same technique is providing longer-term relief for patients with severe knee pain. Video provided by Ivanhoe
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins