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Study By US, Hebrew University Scientists Sheds Light On How Bacteria Persist Despite Antibiotics

Date:
December 28, 2004
Source:
Hebrew University Of Jerusalem
Summary:
Persistence pays off – for bacteria as well as people. Researchers at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and Rockefeller University in New York have demonstrated the constant presence of antibiotic-tolerant "persistent cells" within bacteria colonies and have shown, through mathematical modeling, how these cells develop into "normal" cells following their survival of even heavy dosages of antibiotics.

Slow-growing bacteria cells that are resistant to antibiotic drugs are shown in the magnified illustration at left among the other “normal” bacterial cells, and again at right showing how they have survived after the other bacterial cells have been destroyed by antibiotics. (Illustration courtesy of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem)

Persistence pays off – for bacteria as well as people. Researchers at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and Rockefeller University in New York have demonstrated the constant presence of antibiotic-tolerant "persistent cells" within bacteria colonies and have shown, through mathematical modeling, how these cells develop into "normal" cells following their survival of even heavy dosages of antibiotics.

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The findings have consequences for development of new tactics for overcoming the common problem of resistance by bacteria to medicinal treatment.

It has been known for some time that when an antibiotic is administered to counteract a specific bacteria, not all of the bacterial cells may die. Persistent cells can remain that will reinfect the patient later -- the condition we commonly refer to as relapse. What was not known was the exact nature of these persistent cells nor how they function.

In their research with E-coli bacteria, the Hebrew University and Rockefeller University researchers discovered that persistent cells are a kind of reserve population that is constantly being produced within bacteria, regardless of whether the bacteria are being attacked by an antibiotic or not. These cells are slow-growing and – apparently because of their "retarded" or "non-mature" state – are not susceptible to antibiotics.

Translating their observations into a mathematical model, the researchers have shown how these persistent cells slowly but surely continue growing until they reach a "normal" growth stage. At that point, the former persistent cells are now themselves susceptible to antibiotic attack.

The work of the researchers – Prof. Nathalie Questembert-Balaban, head of the biophysics laboratories at the Hebrew University Racah Institute of Physics; Prof. Stanislas Leibler of Rockefeller University; and his students Jack Merrin, Remy Chait and Lukasz Kowalik – appeared in a recent issue of Science magazine.

Prof. Balaban observes that if the timing could be worked out so that the persistent cells could be "hit" with antibiotics at the point that they reach a normal growth stage, then perhaps the problem of relapse could be overcome. Alternatively, perhaps further study of the nature of the persistent cells could lead to drugs that would take direct action against them in their initial state.

The discoveries by the Hebrew and Rockefeller universities scientists could also perhaps point in the direction of overcoming the problem of reoccurrence of cancer in patients who have undergone earlier, successful remission.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Hebrew University Of Jerusalem. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Hebrew University Of Jerusalem. "Study By US, Hebrew University Scientists Sheds Light On How Bacteria Persist Despite Antibiotics." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 28 December 2004. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2004/12/041220032017.htm>.
Hebrew University Of Jerusalem. (2004, December 28). Study By US, Hebrew University Scientists Sheds Light On How Bacteria Persist Despite Antibiotics. ScienceDaily. Retrieved November 27, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2004/12/041220032017.htm
Hebrew University Of Jerusalem. "Study By US, Hebrew University Scientists Sheds Light On How Bacteria Persist Despite Antibiotics." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2004/12/041220032017.htm (accessed November 27, 2014).

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