Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Past Illegal Blood Donation In China Linked To Hepatitis C Virus Infection

Date:
October 21, 2005
Source:
Infectious Diseases Society of America
Summary:
Research in a rural province of central China has documented that illegal blood donation practices led to high hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection rates in blood and plasma donors during the 1980s and early 1990s, and that failure to screen for HCV in transfusion recipients increased their risk of infection as well, according to an article in the November 15 issue of The Journal of Infectious Diseases, now available online.

Research in a rural province of central China has documented that illegal blood donation practices led to high hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection rates in blood and plasma donors during the 1980s and early 1990s, and that failure to screen for HCV in transfusion recipients increased their risk of infection as well, according to an article in the November 15 issue of The Journal of Infectious Diseases, now available online.

Some blood donation facilities in rural China illegally pooled blood and reinfused compatible red blood cells to permit more frequent donations. Although government action has markedly curtailed such practices since the late 1990s, blood collection and banking methods in such settings still need to be monitored and improved, the article noted.

Researchers from the United States and China, including Han-zhu Qian, MD, PhD, of the University of Alabama at Birmingham, conducted a survey in 2003 among a random sample of 538 adult residents from 12 former commercial plasma-donating villages in Shanxi Province. Structured questionnaires were administered and blood samples tested for HCV antibodies. HCV rates were 8% in all participants, 28% in former plasma/blood donors, and about 3% in non-donors. Selling blood or plasma was the strongest independent predictor for HCV-positive findings. Receiving a blood transfusion was also independently associated with HCV; villagers who received blood transfusion had about 8 times the risk of HCV infection than those who had no history of blood transfusion.

Among the 538 villagers, 22 percent had a history of selling blood or plasma; from village to village, the rates ranged from 9 percent to 49 percent. The most common reasons for the practice were a need for money and being talked into it by other people. Villagers began to sell blood as early as in 1973 and as late as 1998; the main reasons for stopping were improved economic status, concern about health effects of blood drawing, abnormal liver function tests or hepatitis, and shut-down of the illegal blood center.

The investigators concluded that unhygienic plasma donation and receipt of blood transfusion are strong risk factors for HCV infection in rural central China, and that improved blood collection and blood banking practices remain an urgent health priority. “Technical support and drugs are needed to assist these central Chinese provinces cope with the care and treatment needs of HCV patients,” the investigators added.

In an accompanying editorial, Roger Y. Dodd, PhD, of the American Red Cross noted that the study is “a snapshot of past events and should not be taken to define the present circumstances.” Nevertheless, it illustrates that “short cuts, shoddy practice, pursuit of the bottom line, and lack of oversight can have devastating outcomes, not only for patients but also for donors.”


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Infectious Diseases Society of America. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Infectious Diseases Society of America. "Past Illegal Blood Donation In China Linked To Hepatitis C Virus Infection." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 21 October 2005. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/10/051021021407.htm>.
Infectious Diseases Society of America. (2005, October 21). Past Illegal Blood Donation In China Linked To Hepatitis C Virus Infection. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 24, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/10/051021021407.htm
Infectious Diseases Society of America. "Past Illegal Blood Donation In China Linked To Hepatitis C Virus Infection." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/10/051021021407.htm (accessed July 24, 2014).

Share This




More Health & Medicine News

Thursday, July 24, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

New Painkiller Designed To Discourage Abuse: Will It Work?

New Painkiller Designed To Discourage Abuse: Will It Work?

Newsy (July 24, 2014) The FDA approved Targiniq ER on Wednesday, a painkiller designed to keep users from abusing it. Like any new medication, however, it has doubters. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Doctor At Forefront Of Fighting Ebola Outbreak Gets Ebola

Doctor At Forefront Of Fighting Ebola Outbreak Gets Ebola

Newsy (July 24, 2014) Sheik Umar Khan has treated many of the people infected in the Ebola outbreak, and now he's become one of them. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Condemned Man's US Execution Takes Nearly Two Hours

Condemned Man's US Execution Takes Nearly Two Hours

AFP (July 24, 2014) America's death penalty debate raged Thursday after it took nearly two hours for Arizona to execute a prisoner who lost a Supreme Court battle challenging the experimental lethal drug cocktail. Duration: 00:55 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
China's Ageing Millions Look Forward to Bleak Future

China's Ageing Millions Look Forward to Bleak Future

AFP (July 24, 2014) China's elderly population is expanding so quickly that children struggle to look after them, pushing them to do something unexpected in Chinese society- move their parents into a nursing home. Duration: 02:07 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

    Health News

      Environment News

        Technology News



          Save/Print:
          Share:

          Free Subscriptions


          Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

          Get Social & Mobile


          Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

          Have Feedback?


          Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
          Mobile: iPhone Android Web
          Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
          Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
          Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins