Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Past Illegal Blood Donation In China Linked To Hepatitis C Virus Infection

Date:
October 21, 2005
Source:
Infectious Diseases Society of America
Summary:
Research in a rural province of central China has documented that illegal blood donation practices led to high hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection rates in blood and plasma donors during the 1980s and early 1990s, and that failure to screen for HCV in transfusion recipients increased their risk of infection as well, according to an article in the November 15 issue of The Journal of Infectious Diseases, now available online.

Research in a rural province of central China has documented that illegal blood donation practices led to high hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection rates in blood and plasma donors during the 1980s and early 1990s, and that failure to screen for HCV in transfusion recipients increased their risk of infection as well, according to an article in the November 15 issue of The Journal of Infectious Diseases, now available online.

Related Articles


Some blood donation facilities in rural China illegally pooled blood and reinfused compatible red blood cells to permit more frequent donations. Although government action has markedly curtailed such practices since the late 1990s, blood collection and banking methods in such settings still need to be monitored and improved, the article noted.

Researchers from the United States and China, including Han-zhu Qian, MD, PhD, of the University of Alabama at Birmingham, conducted a survey in 2003 among a random sample of 538 adult residents from 12 former commercial plasma-donating villages in Shanxi Province. Structured questionnaires were administered and blood samples tested for HCV antibodies. HCV rates were 8% in all participants, 28% in former plasma/blood donors, and about 3% in non-donors. Selling blood or plasma was the strongest independent predictor for HCV-positive findings. Receiving a blood transfusion was also independently associated with HCV; villagers who received blood transfusion had about 8 times the risk of HCV infection than those who had no history of blood transfusion.

Among the 538 villagers, 22 percent had a history of selling blood or plasma; from village to village, the rates ranged from 9 percent to 49 percent. The most common reasons for the practice were a need for money and being talked into it by other people. Villagers began to sell blood as early as in 1973 and as late as 1998; the main reasons for stopping were improved economic status, concern about health effects of blood drawing, abnormal liver function tests or hepatitis, and shut-down of the illegal blood center.

The investigators concluded that unhygienic plasma donation and receipt of blood transfusion are strong risk factors for HCV infection in rural central China, and that improved blood collection and blood banking practices remain an urgent health priority. “Technical support and drugs are needed to assist these central Chinese provinces cope with the care and treatment needs of HCV patients,” the investigators added.

In an accompanying editorial, Roger Y. Dodd, PhD, of the American Red Cross noted that the study is “a snapshot of past events and should not be taken to define the present circumstances.” Nevertheless, it illustrates that “short cuts, shoddy practice, pursuit of the bottom line, and lack of oversight can have devastating outcomes, not only for patients but also for donors.”


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Infectious Diseases Society of America. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Infectious Diseases Society of America. "Past Illegal Blood Donation In China Linked To Hepatitis C Virus Infection." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 21 October 2005. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/10/051021021407.htm>.
Infectious Diseases Society of America. (2005, October 21). Past Illegal Blood Donation In China Linked To Hepatitis C Virus Infection. ScienceDaily. Retrieved February 28, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/10/051021021407.htm
Infectious Diseases Society of America. "Past Illegal Blood Donation In China Linked To Hepatitis C Virus Infection." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/10/051021021407.htm (accessed February 28, 2015).

Share This


More From ScienceDaily



More Health & Medicine News

Saturday, February 28, 2015

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Could a $34 Smartphone Device Improve HIV Diagnosis in Africa?

Could a $34 Smartphone Device Improve HIV Diagnosis in Africa?

Reuters - Innovations Video Online (Feb. 27, 2015) A dongle that plugs into a Smartphone mimics a lab-based blood test for HIV and syphilis and can detect the diseases in 15 minutes, say researchers. Tara Cleary reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Doctor Says Head Transplants Possible Within Two Years

Doctor Says Head Transplants Possible Within Two Years

Buzz60 (Feb. 27, 2015) An Italian doctor is saying he could stick someone&apos;s head onto someone else&apos;s body. Patrick Jones (@Patrick_E_Jones) reports. Video provided by Buzz60
Powered by NewsLook.com
How Your Dentist Could Help Screen You For Diabetes

How Your Dentist Could Help Screen You For Diabetes

Newsy (Feb. 27, 2015) A new study from researchers at New York University suggests dentists could soon use blood samples taken from patients&apos; mouths to test for diabetes. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
The Best Tips to Makeover Your Health

The Best Tips to Makeover Your Health

Buzz60 (Feb. 27, 2015) If you&apos;re looking to boost your health this season, there are a few quick and easy steps to prompt you for success. Krystin Goodwin (@Krystingoodwin) has the best tips to give your health a makeover this spring! Video provided by Buzz60
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories


Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins