Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Weight Loss Surgery Rate Increases Among Teens, But Use Of Procedure Still Uncommon In Adolescents

Date:
March 6, 2007
Source:
JAMA and Archives Journals
Summary:
The number of adolescents undergoing bariatric surgery for weight loss more than tripled between 2000 and 2003, but bariatric surgery in adolescents remains an uncommonly performed procedure, and teens represent less than 1 percent of patients having such procedures, according to a report in the March issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

The number of adolescents undergoing bariatric surgery for weight loss more than tripled between 2000 and 2003, but bariatric surgery in adolescents remains an uncommonly performed procedure, and teens represent less than 1 percent of patients having such procedures, according to a report in the March issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Most obese teens are still treated through diet and behavioral methods, according to background information in the article. However, bariatric or weight-loss surgery is increasingly considered an option for teens who have health problems related to their weight. A common type of bariatric surgery is gastric bypass, which involves sectioning off a small portion of the stomach into a pouch that that bypasses the first part of the small intestine and connects directly to the lower portions. Another common option is gastric banding, in which surgeons place a band-like device around the stomach to divide it into two smaller compartments.

Wilson S. Tsai, M.D., Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, New Jersey, and colleagues used data from a nationwide sample of community hospitals to determine the annual rate of bariatric surgery among adolescents (age 10 to 19) and adults (age 20 and older) between 1996 and 2003. Each patient's age, sex, length of hospital stay and charges from the hospital, as well as whether or not he or she died in the hospital, was also available from the same database.

During those years, 566 bariatric surgeries were performed on adolescents at the sample hospitals. This represents a national estimate of 2,744 adolescents undergoing such procedures, the researchers note. The rate of bariatric surgeries among adolescents did not change significantly between 1996 and 2000 but more than tripled between 2000 and 2003. Still, however, only 771 teens underwent the procedure in 2003--representing less than .7 percent of the 105,473 bariatric procedures performed that year.

Complication rates were similar for adolescents and adults. Respiratory complications were the most common, affecting 84.4 percent of adolescents and 67.5 percent of adults. On average, teens spent less time in the hospital after bariatric surgery (3.2 days vs. 3.5 days). No adolescents and .2 percent of adults died in the hospital in 2003. "Similar to adults, most adolescents underwent gastric bypass, had private insurance and underwent surgery at similar hospital types," the authors write. "In contrast to adults, adolescents were less likely to be female and had fewer major comorbid conditions," or co-occurring health problems.

"In conclusion, while relatively few bariatric procedures were performed in adolescents in the last decade, this study suggests that there has been a dramatic increase in the number of bariatric procedures in adolescents nationwide in the current decade," they continue. "Because the long-term metabolic and psychological consequences of bariatric surgery may differ between adolescents and adults, this trend toward greater use of bariatric surgery in teenagers emphasizes the importance of rigorous outcomes research in this area."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by JAMA and Archives Journals. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

JAMA and Archives Journals. "Weight Loss Surgery Rate Increases Among Teens, But Use Of Procedure Still Uncommon In Adolescents." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 6 March 2007. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/03/070305202746.htm>.
JAMA and Archives Journals. (2007, March 6). Weight Loss Surgery Rate Increases Among Teens, But Use Of Procedure Still Uncommon In Adolescents. ScienceDaily. Retrieved August 2, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/03/070305202746.htm
JAMA and Archives Journals. "Weight Loss Surgery Rate Increases Among Teens, But Use Of Procedure Still Uncommon In Adolescents." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/03/070305202746.htm (accessed August 2, 2014).

Share This




More Health & Medicine News

Saturday, August 2, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Texas Quintuplets Head Home

Texas Quintuplets Head Home

Reuters - US Online Video (Aug. 1, 2014) After four months in the hospital, the first quintuplets to be born at Baylor University Medical Center head home. Linda So reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Ebola Patient Coming to U.S. for Treatment

Ebola Patient Coming to U.S. for Treatment

Reuters - US Online Video (Aug. 1, 2014) A U.S. aid worker infected with Ebola while working in West Africa will be treated in a high security ward at Emory University in Atlanta. Linda So reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Ebola Vaccine Might Be Coming, But Where's It Been?

Ebola Vaccine Might Be Coming, But Where's It Been?

Newsy (Aug. 1, 2014) Health officials are working to fast-track a vaccine — the West-African Ebola outbreak has killed more than 700. But why didn't we already have one? Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Study Links Certain Birth Control Pills To Breast Cancer

Study Links Certain Birth Control Pills To Breast Cancer

Newsy (Aug. 1, 2014) Previous studies have made the link between birth control and breast cancer, but the latest makes the link to high-estrogen oral contraceptives. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins