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Toward Prevention Of A Common Complication Of Cataract Surgery

Date:
August 15, 2007
Source:
American Chemical Society
Summary:
A newly developed method for coating the intraocular lenses used in millions of cataract surgery procedures may prevent a common complication of cataract surgery, according to a new report. Such surgery corrects the vision loss that occurs when the lens of the eye becomes clouded.
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A cataract is a clouding of the lens in the eye that affects vision. Most cataracts occur in older persons. By age 80, more than half of all people in the United States either have a cataract or have had cataract surgery.
Credit: Courtesy of NIH/National Eye Institute

A newly developed method for coating the intraocular lenses (IOLs) used in millions of cataract surgery procedures may prevent a common complication of cataract surgery, according to a new report. Such surgery corrects the vision loss that occurs when the lens of the eye becomes clouded.

Christine Jérôme and colleagues report development of a method for applying a polyethylene glycol coating to IOLs. In laboratory experiments, researchers showed that the coating reduced accumulation of the protein film and adhesion of cells responsible for formation of secondary cataracts.

The coating did not affect the optical properties of the lens. It also could be applied to certain other surfaces in order to discourage undesirable protein accumulation and adhesion of cells, the report states.

During the operation, a small incision in the front of the lens capsular bag is used to remove the clouded crystalline lens. The IOL is inserted into the empty capsular bag. Researchers noted that IOL replacement surgery is a safe and well-established procedure to correct the vision loss from a cataract. In about 25 percent of cases, however, the back portion of the capsule eventually becomes clouded with a "secondary" cataract. Jérôme notes that treatment is available for secondary cataracts, but describes it as risky.

The article "Improved Performances of Intraocular Lenses by Poly(ethylene glycol) Chemical Coatings" is scheduled for the Aug. 13 issue of ACS' Biomacromolecules.


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The above post is reprinted from materials provided by American Chemical Society. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


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American Chemical Society. "Toward Prevention Of A Common Complication Of Cataract Surgery." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 15 August 2007. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/08/070813102442.htm>.
American Chemical Society. (2007, August 15). Toward Prevention Of A Common Complication Of Cataract Surgery. ScienceDaily. Retrieved August 29, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/08/070813102442.htm
American Chemical Society. "Toward Prevention Of A Common Complication Of Cataract Surgery." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/08/070813102442.htm (accessed August 29, 2015).

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