Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Appropriate Medical Screening For Antimalarial Drugs Vital To Health Of US Military Personnel

Date:
February 19, 2008
Source:
BioMed Central/Malaria Journal
Summary:
Malaria is a constant threat to US military personnel operating in Afghanistan, but some troops may face further risk, as epidemiologists have revealed a significant prevalence of contraindications to the safe use of the anti-malarial drug, mefloquine.

Malaria is a constant threat to US military personnel operating in Afghanistan, but some troops may face further risk, as epidemiologists have revealed a significant prevalence of contraindications to the safe use of the anti-malarial drug, mefloquine.

Whilst mefloquine has traditionally been considered an effective prevention for long-term malaria chemoprophylaxis, new research suggests that US military physicians should ensure careful screening processes prior to prescribing and dispensing the drug. Ignoring such contraindications may lead to an increased incidence of psychiatric and neurological disorders.

An epidemiological study from the US Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine, led by Remington Nevin, used military medical surveillance and pharmacosurveillance databases to identify contraindications to mefloquine use among a cohort of 11,725 active duty U.S. military personnel, recently deployed to Afghanistan.

The study indicates that 9.6 percent of service members deployed to Afghanistan in early 2007 had evidence of psychiatric, medical or pharmacological contraindications to mefloquine, the primary drug used to protect service members from malaria, which is endemic there. It was also reported that females were twice as likely as males to have a contraindication.

This work underscores the importance of proper systematic screening prior to prescribing and dispensing mefloquine, and the need to provide alternatives to mefloquine suitable for long-term administration among deployed U.S. military personnel.

"Mefloquine is generally considered safe when prescribed and dispensed appropriately, and when used as directed. However, this study provides evidence that mefloquine is not a suitable option for a significant number of deploying U.S. servicemembers. This study points to the need for enhanced vigilance during pre-deployment medical screening to ensure the appropriate use of this medication, particularly among females, and underscores the need for continued investment in research and development of alternatives to mefloquine that retain the advantages in compliance of a weekly medication."

Journal reference: Prevalence of contraindications to mefloquine use among USA military personnel deployed to Afghanistan. Remington L Nevin, Paul P Pietrusiak and Jennifer B Caci. Malaria Journal 2008, 7:30


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by BioMed Central/Malaria Journal. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

BioMed Central/Malaria Journal. "Appropriate Medical Screening For Antimalarial Drugs Vital To Health Of US Military Personnel." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 19 February 2008. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/02/080219095804.htm>.
BioMed Central/Malaria Journal. (2008, February 19). Appropriate Medical Screening For Antimalarial Drugs Vital To Health Of US Military Personnel. ScienceDaily. Retrieved September 2, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/02/080219095804.htm
BioMed Central/Malaria Journal. "Appropriate Medical Screening For Antimalarial Drugs Vital To Health Of US Military Personnel." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/02/080219095804.htm (accessed September 2, 2014).

Share This




More Health & Medicine News

Tuesday, September 2, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Snack Attack: Study Says Action Movies Make You Snack More

Snack Attack: Study Says Action Movies Make You Snack More

Newsy (Sep. 2, 2014) You're more likely to gain weight while watching action flicks than you are watching other types of programming, says a new study published in JAMA. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
U.N. Says Ebola Travel Restrictions Will Cause Food Shortage

U.N. Says Ebola Travel Restrictions Will Cause Food Shortage

Newsy (Sep. 2, 2014) The U.N. says the problem is two-fold — quarantine zones and travel restrictions are limiting the movement of both people and food. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Get on Your Bike! London Cycling Popularity Soars Despite Danger

Get on Your Bike! London Cycling Popularity Soars Despite Danger

AFP (Sep. 1, 2014) Wedged between buses, lorries and cars, cycling in London isn't for the faint hearted. Nevertheless the number of people choosing to bike in the British capital has doubled over the past 15 years. Duration: 02:27 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Can You Train Your Brain To Eat Healthy?

Can You Train Your Brain To Eat Healthy?

Newsy (Sep. 1, 2014) New research says if you condition yourself to eat healthy foods, eventually you'll crave them instead of junk food. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins