Biochemistry Research News
August 4, 2015

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More Biochemistry Research News
August 4, 2015

Aug. 3, 2015 — The mechanism by which an enzyme used in industrial production of an important drug for type-2 diabetes recognizes its target has been demonstrated by a group of researchers. This finding will ... read more

RNA-Binding Protein Influences Key Mediator of Cellular Inflammation, Stress Responses

July 31, 2015 — RNA-binding proteins such as RC3H1 regulate the degradation of the mRNA molecules and thus prevent the production of specific proteins. Researchers have now shown that ROQUIN binds several thousand ... read more

Protein Machines Make Fluctuating Flows Unconsciously

July 31, 2015 — Protein machines, regardless of their specific functions, can collectively induce fluctuating hydrodynamic flows and substantially enhance the diffusive motions of particles in the cell, an ... read more

Cell Aging Slowed by Putting Brakes on Noisy Transcription

July 30, 2015 — Working with yeast and worms, researchers found that incorrect gene expression is a hallmark of aged cells and that reducing such “noise” extends lifespan in these ... read more

Study Questions Presence in Blood of Heart-Healthy Molecules from Fish Oil Supplements

July 30, 2015 — The importance of a diet rich in fish oils -- now a billion dollar food-supplement industry -- has been debated for over half a century. A new study questions the relevance of fish oil-derived ... read more

Research Could Lead to Protective Probiotics for Frogs

July 30, 2015 — In research that could lead to protective probiotics to fight the 'chytrid' fungus that has been decimating amphibian populations worldwide, researchers have grown bacterial species from ... read more

July 30, 2015 — A team of marine researchers has discovered a three-way conflict raging at the microscopic level in the frigid waters off Antarctica over natural resources such as vitamins and iron. The competition ... read more

How a Single Molecule Turns One Immune Cell Into Another

July 30, 2015 — All it takes is one molecule to reprogram an antibody-producing B cell into a scavenging macrophage. This transformation is possible, new evidence shows, because the molecule (C/EBPa, a transcription ... read more

July 30, 2015 — Health experts have warned for years that the overuse of antibiotics is creating 'superbugs' able to resist drugs treating infection. Now scientists have found evidence that an invisible ... read more

Sugar in Your Cuppa Not Just About a Sweet Tooth

July 30, 2015 — New research has given tea and coffee drinkers new information about why their favorite drinks taste as they do. The study shows that sugar has an important effect in reducing the bitterness of tea ... read more

Red Grape Chemical May Help Prevent Bowel Cancer but Less Is More

July 29, 2015 — Resveratrol, a chemical found in red grapes, is more effective in smaller doses at preventing bowel cancer in mice than high doses, according to new research. Previous research looked at high doses ... read more

Too Much Love: Male Animals More Sickly Than Females

July 29, 2015 — Male animals are the sickliest gender. According to a study, males use their energy in the competition to reproduce, so their immune system weakens allowing infectious diseases and their early ... read more

Atomic View of Bacterial Enzymes That Help Human Digestion

July 29, 2015 — A group of researchers has reached deep into the human gut, plucked out a couple enzymes produced by bacteria residing there and determined their biological activities and molecular structures -- ... read more

Study of Birds' Sense of Smell Reveals Important Clues for Behavior, Adaptation

July 29, 2015 — From slight sparrows to preening peacocks to soaring falcons, birds have long been known to possess distinct abilities in their sense of smell, but little has been known about the evolution of ... read more

July 29, 2015 — Researchers have developed a yarn from ordinary gelatine that has good qualities similar to those of merino wool fibers. Now they are working on making the yarn even more water ... read more

July 29, 2015 — For the first time, research has shown that, despite not having a nervous system, plants use signals normally associated with animals when they encounter ... read more

July 29, 2015 — Researchers tested for resistance to 10 antibiotics among cattle and 18 wildlife species to explore key attributes and behaviors that may increase exposure and allow resistance to move among humans, ... read more

Coffee Consumption Habits Impact the Risk of Mild Cognitive Impairment

July 28, 2015 — A new study estimates the association between change or constant habits in coffee consumption and the incidence of mild cognitive impairment (MCI), evaluating 1,445 individuals recruited from 5,632 ... read more

July 28, 2015 — A study examining sea stars dying along the West Coast provides new clues about the starfish's immune response and its ability to protect a diverse coastal ecosystem. The team found that the sea ... read more

Sleepy Fruitflies Get Mellow

July 28, 2015 — Whether you're a human, a mouse, or even a fruitfly, losing sleep is a bad thing, leading to physiological effects and behavioral changes. Researchers used fruitflies to probe deeper into the ... read more

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