Biochemistry Research News
May 6, 2015

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May 6, 2015

Lab Test Commonly Used to Assess Water Toxicity May Not Predict Effects on Field Populations

May 4, 2015 — Hyalella azteca are invertebrates that are widely used for sediment and water toxicity studies. Investigators have found that H. azteca collected from sites influenced by agricultural/urban runoff ... read more

Ocean Fronts Improve Climate and Fishery Production, Study Finds

May 1, 2015 — Ocean fronts -- separate regions of warm and cool water as well as salt and fresh water -- act to increase production in the ocean, research has found. This research showed how fronts can be ... read more

Lousy Sockeye Are Lousy Competitors

May 1, 2015 — A key discovery has been made regarding Fraser River sockeye's vulnerability to sea lice. Their recently published research indicates that juvenile Fraser River sockeye salmon that are highly ... read more

May 1, 2015 — Runoff from pavement with coal-tar-based sealant is toxic to aquatic life, damages DNA, and impairs DNA repair, according to new research. Rainwater runoff collected as long as three months after ... read more

How to Reset a Diseased Cell

May 1, 2015 — In proof-of-concept experiments, researchers demonstrate the ability to tune medically relevant cell behaviors by manipulating a key hub in cell communication networks. The manipulation of this ... read more

May 1, 2015 — The CRISPR/Cas system, which is based on chemically synthesized small RNAs and commercially available Cas9 enzyme, has enabled long gene-cassette knock-in in mice with highest efficiency ever ... read more

May 1, 2015 — New research has brought us closer to being able to understand the health benefits of ... read more

May 1, 2015 — Continually producing sperm over a long time is important to procreate the next generation. Researchers have revealed that there are differences in reactivity to retinoic acid in spermatogonial stem ... read more

May 1, 2015 — An international team of scientists has discovered a new bird in China. The new bird, the Sichuan bush warbler, resides in five mountainous provinces in central China. The bird has shunned the ... read more

Apr. 30, 2015 — Scientists have crunched the numbers and the results are clear. For every degree that global temperatures rise, more species will become extinct. Overall, the study predicts a nearly 3 percent ... read more

Apr. 30, 2015 — High-resolution imaging of plant cells is important in many plant studies, and the most commonly used method is scanning electron microscopy (SEM). But SEM can have limitations, including damage to ... read more

Viruses: You've Heard the Bad; Here's the Good

Apr. 30, 2015 — Viruses, like bacteria, can be important beneficial microbes in human health and in agriculture, researchers say, following a review of the current literature on beneficial ... read more

MarkerMiner 1.0: An Easy-to-Use Bioinformatics Platform for DNA Analysis in Angiosperms

Apr. 30, 2015 — Researchers have developed MarkerMiner, a new software that simplifies analysis of next-generation sequencing data in angiosperms. MarkerMiner is an automated, open-source, bioinformatics workflow ... read more

Apr. 30, 2015 — Zebras' vivid pigmentation and the fight or flight instinct. These and other features of the world's vertebrates stem from neural crest cells, but little is known about their origin. ... read more

Apr. 30, 2015 — Bombardier beetles, which exist on every continent except Antarctica, have a pretty easy life. Virtually no other animals prey on them, because of one particularly effective defense mechanism: When ... read more

Waking Proteins Up from Deep Sleep to Study Their Motions

Apr. 30, 2015 — In order to carry out their functions, proteins need to move. Scientists have developed a new technique to study motions in proteins with unprecedented accuracy. The method, which is based on NMR, ... read more

Apr. 30, 2015 — A new study shows poor nutrition for honey bee larvae leads to compromised pollination capabilities as adult bees. This is a possible link to Colony Collapse Disorder ... read more

Settling an Old Debate: Researchers Solve a Lingering Mystery of Cancer Cell Biology

Apr. 30, 2015 — German biologist Theodor Boveri observed early in the last century that cancer cells often harbor multiple copies of a subcellular structure that he had previously named the centrosome. He was also ... read more

Mammals Not the Only Animals to Feed Embryo During Gestation

Apr. 30, 2015 — For over a century, the scientific understanding of matrotrophy of an embryo developing inside a mom's body has come from vertebrates. This process was thought to be infrequent among the other ... read more

Apr. 30, 2015 — A simple chemical compound kills several major fungi that affect human health, researchers report. The compound also may have applications for fungal diseases that affect wheat and rice ... read more

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