Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Premature Infants Benefit From Diets Rich In Protein, Study Suggests

Date:
May 5, 2008
Source:
Nationwide Children's Hospital
Summary:
More than 12 percent of babies are born prematurely, up more than 20 percent from 1990*, and as premature birth rates continue to climb, neonatologists at Nationwide Children's Hospital are focusing their attention on the nutrition provided to premature infants during their first few days of life. Preterm infants, when provided amino acids immediately after birth, showed significantly improved weight at discharge compared to preterm infants receiving amino acids later in their care.

More than 12 percent of babies are born prematurely, up more than 20 percent from 1990*, and as premature birth rates continue to climb, neonatologists at Nationwide Children’s Hospital are focusing their attention on the nutrition provided to premature infants during their first few days of life.

Preliminary findings of a newly concluded study out of Nationwide Children’s Hospital found that preterm infants, when provided amino acids immediately after birth, showed significantly improved weight at discharge compared to preterm infants receiving amino acids later in their care.

One of the most common complications in premature infants is slow growth after delivery that has been attributed to lack of early nutrition support. Amino acids are the building blocks for protein, which is essential for growth.

“Many of our premature infants are born before the last trimester, when significant nutrition accumulation occurs, as well as a lot of growth,” said the study’s lead author, Christina Valentine, MD, MS, RD, medical director for neonatal nutrition services at Nationwide Children’s Hospital and a fellow at The Ohio State University Medical Center. “Our findings suggest that the first 24 hours of life is a crucial time for the administration of nutrition.”

The study was conducted in four neonatal intensive care units (NICU) contracted by Nationwide Children’s Hospital in Columbus, Ohio and included 440 preterm infants born between 2004 and 2006, weighing less than 1500 grams at birth and surviving the first two weeks after delivery. Three hundred eight infants born in 2005 and 2006 were administered amino acids intravenously within the first 24 hours after delivery, and their results were compared with those of 132 preterm infants from 2004, who did not receive the early amino acid diet. Infants born in 2005 and 2006 weighed significantly more at discharge, with a mean weight of 2,342 grams, than those born in 2004, with a mean weight of 2,242 grams – despite statistically smaller birth weights among those born in 2005 and 2006, as compared to 2004.

“Preterm infants often face acute diseases immediately upon entering the world, so in years past, their nutrition has typically gone on the back burner,” said Stephen Welty, MD, chief of neonatology at Nationwide Children’s Hospital and a faculty member at The Ohio State University College of Medicine. “The more we learn, the more we are realizing that nutrition should probably go on the front burner, because the evidence suggests nutrition may play a vital role in improving their overall health, even in the first few days of life.”

Neonatologists at Nationwide Children’s Hospital have developed a collaborative approach to providing early, aggressive nutrition for premature infants. The neonatal nutrition team, directed by Valentine, is comprised of neonatal dieticians, lactation consultants, peer counselors, pharmacists and a diet technician. The team assesses infants on an individual basis to determine their unique nutritional needs and prescribe individualized action plans, aimed at increasing weight and warding off diseases commonly associated with preterm birth.

*Births: Final Data for 2005, National Vital Statistics Reports; vol 56 no 6. National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention. 2007.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Nationwide Children's Hospital. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Nationwide Children's Hospital. "Premature Infants Benefit From Diets Rich In Protein, Study Suggests." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 5 May 2008. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/05/080502134715.htm>.
Nationwide Children's Hospital. (2008, May 5). Premature Infants Benefit From Diets Rich In Protein, Study Suggests. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 23, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/05/080502134715.htm
Nationwide Children's Hospital. "Premature Infants Benefit From Diets Rich In Protein, Study Suggests." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/05/080502134715.htm (accessed October 23, 2014).

Share This



More Health & Medicine News

Thursday, October 23, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Ebola Fears Keep Guinea Hospitals Empty

Ebola Fears Keep Guinea Hospitals Empty

AP (Oct. 23, 2014) Fears of Ebola are keeping doctors and patients alike away from hospitals in the West African nation of Guinea. (Oct. 23) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Orthodontist Mom Jennifer Salzer on the Best Time for Braces

Orthodontist Mom Jennifer Salzer on the Best Time for Braces

Working Mother (Oct. 22, 2014) Is your child ready? Video provided by Working Mother
Powered by NewsLook.com
U.S. Issues Ebola Travel Restrictions, Are Visa Bans Next?

U.S. Issues Ebola Travel Restrictions, Are Visa Bans Next?

Newsy (Oct. 22, 2014) Now that the U.S. is restricting travel from West Africa, some are dropping questions about a travel ban and instead asking about visa bans. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
More People Diagnosed With TB In 2013, But There's Good News

More People Diagnosed With TB In 2013, But There's Good News

Newsy (Oct. 22, 2014) The World Health Organizations says TB numbers rose in 2013, but it's partly due to better detection and more survivors. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories


Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins