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Australian Dryness Linked To Sea Surface Temperatures

Date:
June 6, 2008
Source:
American Geophysical Union
Summary:
Since 1950, rainfall over southern and eastern Australia has decreased, significantly reducing inflows to the Murray and Darling rivers, Australia's longest river system. In particular, precipitation in late austral autumn has decreased by about 40 percent from the long-term seasonal average for Victoria, Australia's most densely populated state.

Since 1950, rainfall over southern and eastern Australia has decreased, significantly reducing inflows to the Murray and Darling rivers, Australia's longest river system. In particular, precipitation in late austral autumn has decreased by about 40 percent from the long-term seasonal average for Victoria, Australia's most densely populated state.

To learn more about these rainfall changes, Cai and Cowan compare precipitation data from Australia with global data sets and find that the reduction occurs predominantly in May, with rainfall variations linked to two sources of sea surface temperature (SST) variability.

First, higher SSTs in the waters off Indonesia, which occur as the Indo-Pacific system enters into La Niña-like conditions, is associated with a rainfall increase over northern Victoria; a reduction in La Niña events and an increase in El Niño conditions since 1950 likely contributed to the observed rainfall decline.

Additionally, SST variation patterns in the Indian Ocean are linked to atmospheric wave trains, with a low-pressure center over Victoria that helps promote rainfall. However, these wave trains have weakened since 1950, also contributing to the observed rainfall decline.

Title: Dynamics of late autumn rainfall reduction over southeastern Australia

Authors: Wenju Cai and Tim Cowan: CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research, Aspendale, Victoria, Australia; also at Wealth from Oceans National Research Flagship, CSIRO, North Ryde, New South Wales, Australia.

Source: Geophysical Research Letters (GRL) paper 10.1029/2008GL033727, 2008; http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2008GL033727


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by American Geophysical Union. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Cai et al. Dynamics of late autumn rainfall reduction over southeastern Australia. Geophysical Research Letters, 2008; 35 (9): L09708 DOI: 10.1029/2008GL033727

Cite This Page:

American Geophysical Union. "Australian Dryness Linked To Sea Surface Temperatures." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 6 June 2008. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/06/080604150228.htm>.
American Geophysical Union. (2008, June 6). Australian Dryness Linked To Sea Surface Temperatures. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 31, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/06/080604150228.htm
American Geophysical Union. "Australian Dryness Linked To Sea Surface Temperatures." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/06/080604150228.htm (accessed July 31, 2014).

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