Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Overcoming Inhibitors Of Cell Death Improves Cancer Therapy Efficacy

Date:
August 5, 2008
Source:
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Summary:
Individuals with one of the most aggressive types of brain tumor have an extremely poor prognosis. Although some patients with GBM respond to treatment with drugs known as RTK inhibitors, most subsequently relapse after only a short time. New data, have now provided insight into the mechanism by which GBM cells become resistant to RTK inhibitors and suggest a way to improve the efficacy of RTK inhibitors as a treatment for GBM.

Individuals with glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), one of the most aggressive types of brain tumor, have an extremely poor prognosis. Although pre-clinical studies indicated therapeutics inhibiting a group of proteins known as receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) would likely be beneficial to individuals with GBM, these RTK inhibitors have met with limited clinical success — only a small proportion of patients respond to such treatment and most subsequently relapse after only a short time.

New data, generated by Andrew Kung and colleagues, at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, have now provided insight into the mechanism by which GBM cells become resistant to RTK inhibitors and have suggested a way to improve the efficacy of RTK inhibitors in this clinical setting. The researchers report their findings in the Aug. 1 issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation.

In the study, human GBM cells exposed in vitro to an inhibitor of the RTK PDGFR activated a cellular pathway that usually induces cells to undergo a form of cell death known as apoptosis, but the final steps of the pathway were not completed, meaning that the cells did not die.

Further analysis revealed that the final steps of this pathway were blocked by a group of proteins known as IAPs. Consistent with this, if the PDGFR inhibitor was combined with an IAP inhibitor the GBM cells underwent apoptosis. Further, this drug combination showed enhanced efficacy at inhibiting tumor growth in an orthotopic mouse model of GBM. The authors therefore suggest that combining drugs targeting IAPs with RTK inhibitors might prove beneficial to individuals with GBM.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Journal of Clinical Investigation. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Ziegler et al. Resistance of human glioblastoma multiforme cells to growth factor inhibitors is overcome by blockade of inhibitor of apoptosis proteins. Journal of Clinical Investigation, 2008; DOI: 10.1172/JCI34120

Cite This Page:

Journal of Clinical Investigation. "Overcoming Inhibitors Of Cell Death Improves Cancer Therapy Efficacy." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 5 August 2008. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/08/080802061912.htm>.
Journal of Clinical Investigation. (2008, August 5). Overcoming Inhibitors Of Cell Death Improves Cancer Therapy Efficacy. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 1, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/08/080802061912.htm
Journal of Clinical Investigation. "Overcoming Inhibitors Of Cell Death Improves Cancer Therapy Efficacy." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/08/080802061912.htm (accessed October 1, 2014).

Share This



More Health & Medicine News

Wednesday, October 1, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Some Positive Ebola News: Outbreak 'Contained' In Nigeria

Some Positive Ebola News: Outbreak 'Contained' In Nigeria

Newsy (Sep. 30, 2014) The CDC says a new case of Ebola has not been reported in Nigeria for more than 21 days, leading to hopes the outbreak might be nearing its end. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
UN Ebola Mission Head: Immediate Action Is Crucial

UN Ebola Mission Head: Immediate Action Is Crucial

AFP (Sep. 30, 2014) The newly appointed head of the United Nations Mission for Ebola Emergency Response (UNMEER), Anthony Banbury, outlines operations to tackle the virus. Duration: 00:39 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
CDC Confirms First Case of Ebola in US

CDC Confirms First Case of Ebola in US

AP (Sep. 30, 2014) The CDC has confirmed the first diagnosed case of Ebola in the United States. The patient is being treated at a Dallas hospital after traveling earlier this month from Liberia. (Sept. 30) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
New Breast Cancer Drug Extends Lives In Clinical Trial

New Breast Cancer Drug Extends Lives In Clinical Trial

Newsy (Sep. 30, 2014) In a clinical trial, breast cancer patients lived an average of 15 months longer when they received new drug Perjeta along with Herceptin. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories


Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins