Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Golf-related Eye Injuries In Children Are Rare, But Can Be Devastating

Date:
September 10, 2008
Source:
JAMA and Archives Journals
Summary:
Pediatric golf injuries are rare but can be devastating to the eye and vision system, according to a report in the Archives of Ophthalmology.

Pediatric golf injuries are rare but can be devastating to the eye and vision system, according to a new report.

Related Articles


The National Society to Prevent Blindness estimates that 900,000 Americans are visually impaired due to trauma, according to background information in the article. Sports-related injuries comprise only a small percentage of those, but are often more severe and cause more vision problems than other eye injuries. About 42,000 patients are treated each year for sports-related eye injuries, a number that appears to be increasing; approximately 1.5 percent to 5.6 percent of these eye injuries from sports are golf-related.

Eric M. Hink, M.D., of the University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine, and colleagues studied 11 pediatric patients treated for golf-related eye injuries at two institutions over 15 years. The children, six boys and five girls, had an average age of 10.2 and were followed up for an average of one year.

"Ten patients (91 percent) were injured by golf clubs and one patient (9 percent) by a golf ball," the authors write. "One injury (9 percent) occurred on a golf course. At the initial examination, visual acuity was 20/20 in four eyes (36 percent), 20/25 to 20/80 in three eyes (27 percent), no light perception in three eyes (27 percent) and undeterminable in one eye (9 percent) because of altered mental status."

Injuries included orbital fracture (a break in the bones forming the eye socket) in 11 eyes (100 percent), hyphema or blood in the eye in four eyes (36 percent) and damage to the optic nerve in three eyes (27 percent). Nine of 11 patients (82 percent) required surgery. At the final follow-up visit, two eyes (18 percent) had no light perception and visual acuity was 20/70 in one eye (9 percent) and 20/20 or better in eight eyes (73 percent).

Most pediatric golf-related injuries do not appear to occur on the golf course or during supervised play, the authors note. "Most children are injured by other children wielding a golf club while at play away from the golf course," they write. "The frequency of potentially devastating ocular and head trauma has been demonstrated in our series and in our review of the literature."

"Increased public awareness may help to decrease morbidity from golf-related ophthalmic injuries to children," they conclude. "We recommend close adult supervision, adequate separation between children and protective eyewear for children learning to play golf. Furthermore and most critically, golf equipment should be stored in a secure area away from children. Children should be taught that golf equipment should never be used without supervision. The efforts of ophthalmologists to prevent eye injures in other sports, notably hockey and baseball, have been successful and should serve as models to prevent golf-related ocular injuries in the pediatric population."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by JAMA and Archives Journals. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Hink et al. Pediatric Golf-Related Ophthalmic Injuries. Archives of Ophthalmology, 2008; 126 (9): 1252 DOI: 10.1001/archopht.126.9.1252

Cite This Page:

JAMA and Archives Journals. "Golf-related Eye Injuries In Children Are Rare, But Can Be Devastating." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 10 September 2008. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/09/080908185224.htm>.
JAMA and Archives Journals. (2008, September 10). Golf-related Eye Injuries In Children Are Rare, But Can Be Devastating. ScienceDaily. Retrieved November 27, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/09/080908185224.htm
JAMA and Archives Journals. "Golf-related Eye Injuries In Children Are Rare, But Can Be Devastating." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/09/080908185224.htm (accessed November 27, 2014).

Share This


More From ScienceDaily



More Health & Medicine News

Thursday, November 27, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Pet Dogs to Be Used in Anti-Ageing Trial

Pet Dogs to Be Used in Anti-Ageing Trial

Reuters - Innovations Video Online (Nov. 26, 2014) Researchers in the United States are preparing to discover whether a drug commonly used in human organ transplants can extend the lifespan and health quality of pet dogs. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Today's Prostheses Are More Capable Than Ever

Today's Prostheses Are More Capable Than Ever

Newsy (Nov. 26, 2014) Advances in prosthetics are making replacement body parts stronger and more lifelike than they’ve ever been. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
From Popcorn To Vending Snacks: FDA Ups Calorie Count Rules

From Popcorn To Vending Snacks: FDA Ups Calorie Count Rules

Newsy (Nov. 25, 2014) The US FDA is announcing new calorie rules on Tuesday that will require everywhere from theaters to vending machines to include calorie counts. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Daily Serving Of Yogurt Could Reduce Risk Of Type 2 Diabetes

Daily Serving Of Yogurt Could Reduce Risk Of Type 2 Diabetes

Newsy (Nov. 25, 2014) Need another reason to eat yogurt every day? Researchers now say it could reduce a person's risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories


Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins