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Olive Skins Provide Natural Defense Against Colon Cancer, Study Suggests

Date:
January 10, 2009
Source:
Universidad de Granada
Summary:
Scientists have found that the compound, present in olive skin's leaf and wax, inhibits the growth of HT29 colon-cancer cells. It may provide a useful new therapeutic strategy for the treatment of colon carcinoma. Low concentrations of maslinic acid are to be found in plants with medicinal properties, but its concentration in the waxy skin of olives may be as high as 80 percent.
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Olives. Low concentrations of maslinic acid are to be found in plants with medicinal properties, but its concentration in the waxy skin of olives may be as high as 80%.
Credit: iStockphoto/Vitalina Rybakova

Researchers from the University of Granada and the University of Barcelona have shown that treatment with maslinic acid, a triterpenoid compound isolated from olive-skin pomace, results in a significant inhibition of cell proliferation and causes apoptotic death in colon-cancer cells. Maslinic acid is a novel natural compound and it is able to induce apoptosis or programmed death in human HT29 colon-cancer cells via the intrinsic mitochondrial pathway.

New research suggest this could be a useful new therapeutic strategy for the treatment of colon carcinoma.

This study is the first to investigate the precise molecular mechanisms of the anti-tumoral and pro-apoptotic effects of maslinic acid against colon-cancer. Chemopreventive agents of a natural origin, often a part of our daily diet, may provide a cheap, effective way of controlling such diseases as cancer of the colon. A wide range of studies in recent years has shown that triterpenoids hinder carcinogenesis by intervening in pathways such as carcinogen activation, DNA repair, cell cycle arrest, cell differentiation and the induction of apoptosis in cancer cells.

Triterpenoids are compounds present in a wide range of plants used in traditional medicine and known to have antitumoral properties. Low concentrations of maslinic acid are to be found in plants with medicinal properties, but its concentration in the waxy skin of olives may be as high as 80%.

The results of the study could contribute to the development of maslinic acid for use as cancer chemotherapeutic or chemopreventive agents.


Story Source:

The above post is reprinted from materials provided by Universidad de Granada. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Reyeszurita et al. Maslinic acid, a natural triterpene from Olea europaea L., induces apoptosis in HT29 human colon-cancer cells via the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway. Cancer Letters, 2009; 273 (1): 44 DOI: 10.1016/j.canlet.2008.07.033

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Universidad de Granada. "Olive Skins Provide Natural Defense Against Colon Cancer, Study Suggests." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 10 January 2009. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/01/090108101621.htm>.
Universidad de Granada. (2009, January 10). Olive Skins Provide Natural Defense Against Colon Cancer, Study Suggests. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 6, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/01/090108101621.htm
Universidad de Granada. "Olive Skins Provide Natural Defense Against Colon Cancer, Study Suggests." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/01/090108101621.htm (accessed July 6, 2015).

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