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An 'Impossible' Alloy Now Possible: Cerium And Aluminum Form Substitutional Alloy At High Pressure

Date:
February 27, 2009
Source:
Uppsala Universitet
Summary:
What has been impossible has now been shown to be possible -- an alloy between two incompatible elements.

What has been impossible has now been shown to be possible – an alloy between two incompatible elements.

A research team led by Professor H.K. Mao from Carnegie Institution of Washington and Professor Rajeev Ahuja from UU have used high pressure experiments and theoretical calculations to study the behaviour of Ce3Al under high pressure.

“We were surprised to find that Cerium and Aluminium formed a so called substitutional alloy under high pressure. Forming these alloys has been limited to elements close in atomic radii and electronegativity up until now”, sais Professor Rajeev Ahuja of Uppsala University.

The difference in radii and electronegativity of Cerium and Aluminium was diminished by applying pressure. Both synchrotron X-ray diffraction and ab initio calculations showed the same cause for bringing the two elements closer in radii and electronegativity, resulting in the new alloy phase. After the release of pressure the substitutional alloy still remained.

“This discovery opens up the possibility for finding new alloys with other ratios between Cerium and Aluminium, as well as alloys with Cerium and other incompatible elements. These new alloys may possess interesting and useful mechanical, electronic, and magnetic properties”.

The new findings have been made possible by the recent development of high pressure diamond anvil cell and synchrotron radiation techniques. The extensive simulations were performed at Uppsala University's Multidisciplinary Center for Advanced Computational Science (UPPMAX).


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Uppsala Universitet. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Qiao-Shi Zenga et al. Substitutional alloy of Ce and Al. PNAS, February 24, 2009 vol. 106 no. 8 2515-2518 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0813328106

Cite This Page:

Uppsala Universitet. "An 'Impossible' Alloy Now Possible: Cerium And Aluminum Form Substitutional Alloy At High Pressure." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 27 February 2009. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/02/090226082515.htm>.
Uppsala Universitet. (2009, February 27). An 'Impossible' Alloy Now Possible: Cerium And Aluminum Form Substitutional Alloy At High Pressure. ScienceDaily. Retrieved September 17, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/02/090226082515.htm
Uppsala Universitet. "An 'Impossible' Alloy Now Possible: Cerium And Aluminum Form Substitutional Alloy At High Pressure." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/02/090226082515.htm (accessed September 17, 2014).

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