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Unique Survey Of Ocean Climate May Improve Climate Predictions

Date:
May 11, 2009
Source:
University of Bergen
Summary:
A unique assessment of ocean circulation and climate variability may add to the basis for improved climate prediction.

The overturning from warm (red) into cold water masses (blue) in the Nordic Seas. The black arrow indicate the extension of the Gulf Stream into the Norwegian Sea, and the gray arrows the cold return flow at depth.
Credit: Image courtesy of University of Bergen

A research team from the Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center, and the Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research, both in Bergen, Norway, has studied observed anomalies in ocean climate, and identified the anomalies’ progression with the circulation of the Nordic Seas, and the Norwegian Sea in particular.

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The Nordic Seas have been much surveyed by, e.g., Norwegian, Faroese, Icelandic, and (Soviet) Russian research vessels since 1950.

The present study is the first large-scale synthesis of this rich observational documentation on annual to decadal time scales.

"The traditional and common understanding is that variability in the exchange of water masses between the Nordic Seas and the North Atlantic Ocean is governed by changes in the northern deep waters. Our analysis does not support this concept. We find that anomalies can be traced back to the extension of the Gulf Stream into the Norwegian Sea," says the lead author of the study, dr. Tor Eldevik of the Nansen Center.

The Norwegian study improves the understanding of the Atlantic Ocean’s overturning circulation from a warm Gulf Stream in the surface to a cold return flow at depth. The analysis thus offer a new benchmark for evaluating which ocean regions and observations are the more appropriate for understanding past and present climate change. The study provides an observational basis for the development of future monitoring or model systems for climate prediction covering the North Atlantic/Nordic Seas region.

"It is a prerequisite for predicting future climate to identify and understand the climate variability of recent decades as documented by the instrumental record. Our study will hopefully be a valuable reference for identifying future change," says Eldevik.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by University of Bergen. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Eldevik et al. Observed sources and variability of Nordic seas overflow. Nature Geoscience, 2009; DOI: 10.1038/ngeo518

Cite This Page:

University of Bergen. "Unique Survey Of Ocean Climate May Improve Climate Predictions." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 11 May 2009. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/05/090504121923.htm>.
University of Bergen. (2009, May 11). Unique Survey Of Ocean Climate May Improve Climate Predictions. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 31, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/05/090504121923.htm
University of Bergen. "Unique Survey Of Ocean Climate May Improve Climate Predictions." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/05/090504121923.htm (accessed October 31, 2014).

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