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New Method Used To Detect Antibiotics In Honey

Date:
May 13, 2009
Source:
Plataforma SINC
Summary:
Chemists in Spain have developed a method to simultaneously detect the presence of 17 antibiotics in honey within less than 10 minutes. The researchers have shown that traces of antibiotics used to treat diseases among bees can be found in some commercial honey brands.

A new method can simultaneously detect the presence of 17 antibiotics in honey within less than 10 minutes
Credit: iStockphoto

A team of chemists from the University of Almería (UAL) has developed a method to simultaneously detect the presence of 17 antibiotics in honey within less than 10 minutes. The researchers have shown that traces of antibiotics used to treat diseases among bees can be found in some commercial honey brands.

"The method we have developed means we can simultaneously detect various kinds of antibiotic residues (macrolides, tetracyclines, quinolones and sulfonamides) in honey," says Antonia Garrido, lead author of the study and the researcher in charge of the UAL's Contaminants Analytical Chemistry Research Group.

In order to develop this method, the results of which have been published recently in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, the researchers employed ultra performance liquid chromatography, a technique that makes it possible to separate the components of a sample, together with mass spectrometry, which permits the simultaneous identification of up to 17 antibiotics.

"The development of these multi-residue methods is very useful, since it makes it possible to detect the various groups of antibiotics within a sample, and with just one analysis", stresses Garrido. In addition, the chromatography analysis takes less than 10 minutes, "which means it could be routinely used in laboratories."

The researcher points out that European legislation today establishes a "zero tolerance" policy when it comes to the presence of antibiotic residues in honey, and the analytical methods devised by the study help to identify these compounds at the lowest levels possible. The technique developed by the chemists at the UAL means they can be identified at concentrations of between 0.1 and 1 microgram per kilo of honey, depending upon the type of antibiotic.

Antibiotic residues in honey

The researchers have applied their analytical method to 16 honey samples, 11 of which were taken from supermarkets while five were collected from various private beekeepers throughout Granada and Almería. The results of the study show that three of the samples contained traces of the antibiotics used to treat diseases among bees.

One of the commercial samples contained 8.6 micrograms of erythromycin per kilo of honey, while traces of sarafloxacin were found in another. This antibiotic, along with residues of tylosin, sulfadimidine and sulfachlorpyridazine, were also found in the honey from one bee farm, which was informed about the results.

Garrido stresses that the low concentrations of antibiotics detected "do not represent a direct risk to the consumer," but warns that excessive or undue use of these veterinary products could have an affect on food security.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Plataforma SINC. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. José Luis Martínez Vidal, María del Mar Aguilera-Luiz, Roberto Romero-González y Antonia Garrido Frenich. Multiclass Analysis of Antibiotic Residues in Honey by Ultraperformance Liquid Chromatography−Tandem Mass Spectrometry. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 2009; 57 (5): 1760 DOI: 10.1021/jf8034572

Cite This Page:

Plataforma SINC. "New Method Used To Detect Antibiotics In Honey." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 13 May 2009. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/05/090508045723.htm>.
Plataforma SINC. (2009, May 13). New Method Used To Detect Antibiotics In Honey. ScienceDaily. Retrieved September 17, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/05/090508045723.htm
Plataforma SINC. "New Method Used To Detect Antibiotics In Honey." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/05/090508045723.htm (accessed September 17, 2014).

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