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Coconut Oil Extract May Be A Weapon Against Food Bacteria

Date:
September 10, 2009
Source:
Institute of Food Technologists
Summary:
Monolaurin, an extract from coconut oil could be used as a microbial agent in foods, according to a new study.
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Monolaurin, an extract from coconut oil could be used as a microbial agent in foods, according to a study in the Journal of Food Science, published by the Institute of Food Technologists.

Monolaurin has been recognized as safe by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and is known for its antimicrobial properties. If used in combination with other antimicrobial agents, monolaurin can present an effective barrier to microorganisms.

Researchers from Zhejiang University in China studied the use of monolaurin as a nontraditional preservative in food products by combining it with commonly used antimicrobials in various concentrations and testing it on bacterial strains including Esherichia coli and on food components such as soy protein and water-soluble starch. Researchers made the following findings:

  • Monolaurin combined with ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA),a binding agent, was effective against Esherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis but not Staphylococcus aureus.
  • When combined with the antimicrobial nisin, monolaurin was synergistically effective against all three bacteria.
  • Researchers studied monolaurin’s interaction with food components and found that its antibacterial effectiveness was reduced by fat or starch but was not affected by protein.

“These results contribute to a better understanding on the use of monolaurin as a nontraditional preservative for antimicrobial purpose in food products. The antimicrobial effects of monolaurin can be increased if used together or in combination with other preservative systems,” says lead researcher Hui Zhang.


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The above post is reprinted from materials provided by Institute of Food Technologists. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


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Institute of Food Technologists. "Coconut Oil Extract May Be A Weapon Against Food Bacteria." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 10 September 2009. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/09/090908103931.htm>.
Institute of Food Technologists. (2009, September 10). Coconut Oil Extract May Be A Weapon Against Food Bacteria. ScienceDaily. Retrieved September 3, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/09/090908103931.htm
Institute of Food Technologists. "Coconut Oil Extract May Be A Weapon Against Food Bacteria." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/09/090908103931.htm (accessed September 3, 2015).

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