Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Clustering MRSA in Europe indicates diffusion through regional health-care networks

Date:
January 12, 2010
Source:
Public Library of Science
Summary:
A new study finds that methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) -- responsible for several difficult-to-treat infections including blood poisoning and pneumonia and a particular problem in hospitals -- occurs in distinct geographical clusters across Europe.

A new study finds that methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) -responsible for several difficult-to-treat infections including blood poisoning and pneumonia and a particular problem in hospitals -- occurs in distinct geographical clusters across Europe, indicating that MRSA is being diffused by patients moving between hospitals rather than spreading freely in the community.

Related Articles


The study, published in PLoS Medicine, used an interactive Web tool to map different strains of the Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) bacterium across the continent.

MRSA infections have become more prevalent in hospitals over the past ten years, and information about its geographical distribution could help us to understand how it spreads and how to control it.

In 2006 Hajo Grundmann, of the University Medical Centre in Groningen in the Netherlands, and colleagues assembled a large group of collaborators in 450 European hospitals located in 26 different countries. These hospitals collected both MRSA and methicillin-sensitive S. aureus (MSSA) isolates from infected patients -- MRSA emerges when MSSA clones acquire resistance to antibiotics. National laboratories identified specific strains of S. aureus by molecular typing and entered this information into a Web-based mapping application which is publicly available (http://www.spatialepidemiology.net/srl-maps).

The results show that strains of MRSA tend to cluster within regional borders and, in several instances, were associated with individual hospitals. This suggests that MRSA is mainly spread by patients who are repeatedly admitted to different hospitals. "Control efforts aimed at interrupting the spread within and between health care institutions may not only be feasible but ultimately successful," conclude the researchers.

Franklin Lowy of Columbia University -- uninvolved in the research -- discusses the study in a Perspective and suggests that it "illustrates the ability of spatial mapping techniques to help understand the spread of new or re-emerging pathogens at the local as well as the international level''


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Public Library of Science. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal References:

  1. Grundmann H, Aanensen DM, van den Wijngaard CC, Spratt BG, Harmsen D, et al. Geographic Distribution of Staphylococcus aureus Causing Invasive Infections in Europe: A Molecular-Epidemiological Analysis. PLoS Medicine, 2010; 7 (1): e1000215 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1000215
  2. Lowy FD. Mapping the Distribution of Invasive Staphylococcus aureus across Europe. PLoS Medicine, 2010; 7 (1): e1000205 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1000205

Cite This Page:

Public Library of Science. "Clustering MRSA in Europe indicates diffusion through regional health-care networks." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 12 January 2010. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/01/100111211257.htm>.
Public Library of Science. (2010, January 12). Clustering MRSA in Europe indicates diffusion through regional health-care networks. ScienceDaily. Retrieved November 27, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/01/100111211257.htm
Public Library of Science. "Clustering MRSA in Europe indicates diffusion through regional health-care networks." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/01/100111211257.htm (accessed November 27, 2014).

Share This


More From ScienceDaily



More Health & Medicine News

Thursday, November 27, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Ebola Leaves Orphans Alone in Sierra Leone

Ebola Leaves Orphans Alone in Sierra Leone

AFP (Nov. 27, 2014) — The Ebola epidemic sweeping Sierra Leone is having a profound effect on the country's children, many of whom have been left without any family members to support them. Duration: 01:02 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Experimental Ebola Vaccine Shows Promise In Human Trial

Experimental Ebola Vaccine Shows Promise In Human Trial

Newsy (Nov. 27, 2014) — A recent test of a prototype Ebola vaccine generated an immune response to the disease in subjects. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Pet Dogs to Be Used in Anti-Ageing Trial

Pet Dogs to Be Used in Anti-Ageing Trial

Reuters - Innovations Video Online (Nov. 26, 2014) — Researchers in the United States are preparing to discover whether a drug commonly used in human organ transplants can extend the lifespan and health quality of pet dogs. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Today's Prostheses Are More Capable Than Ever

Today's Prostheses Are More Capable Than Ever

Newsy (Nov. 26, 2014) — Advances in prosthetics are making replacement body parts stronger and more lifelike than they’ve ever been. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories

 

Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:  

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile iPhone Android Web
Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins