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Nicotine replacement therapy is over-promoted since most ex-smokers quit unassisted, experts argue

Date:
February 9, 2010
Source:
Public Library of Science
Summary:
Health authorities should emphasize the positive message that the most successful method used by most ex-smokers is unassisted cessation, despite the promotion of cessation drugs by pharmaceutical companies and many tobacco control advocates, according to a new article.

Health authorities should emphasize the positive message that the most successful method used by most ex-smokers is unassisted cessation, despite the promotion of cessation drugs by pharmaceutical companies and many tobacco control advocates, according to a new article.

The dominant messages about smoking cessation contained in most tobacco control campaigns, which emphasize that serious attempts at quitting smoking must be pharmacologically or professionally mediated, are critiqued in an essay in PLoS Medicine by Simon Chapman and Ross MacKenzie from the School of Public Health at the University of Sydney, Australia.

This overemphasis on quit methods like nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) has led to the "medicalisation of smoking cessation," despite good evidence that the most successful method used by most ex-smokers is quitting "cold turkey" or reducing-then-quitting. Reviewing 511 studies published in 2007 and 2 008 the authors report that studies repeatedly show that two-thirds to three-quarters of ex-smokers stop unaided and most ex-smokers report that cessation was less difficult than expected.

The medicalisation of smoking cessation is fuelled by the extent and influence of pharmaceutical support for cessation intervention studies, say the authors. They cite a recent review of randomized controlled trials of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) that found that 51% of industry-funded trials reported significant cessation effects, while only 22% of non-industry trials did. Many assisted cessation studies -- but few if any unassisted cessation studies -- involve researchers who declare support from a pharmaceutical company manufacturing cessation products.

The authors conclude that "public sector communicators should be encouraged to redress the overwhelming dominance of assisted cessation in public awareness, so that some balance can restored in smokers' minds regarding the contribution that assisted and unassisted smoking cessation approaches can make to helping them quit smoking."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Public Library of Science. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Chapman S, MacKenzie R. The Global Research Neglect of Unassisted Smoking Cessation: Causes and Consequences. PLoS Medicine, 2010; 7 (2): e1000216 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1000216

Cite This Page:

Public Library of Science. "Nicotine replacement therapy is over-promoted since most ex-smokers quit unassisted, experts argue." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 9 February 2010. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/02/100208211924.htm>.
Public Library of Science. (2010, February 9). Nicotine replacement therapy is over-promoted since most ex-smokers quit unassisted, experts argue. ScienceDaily. Retrieved September 2, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/02/100208211924.htm
Public Library of Science. "Nicotine replacement therapy is over-promoted since most ex-smokers quit unassisted, experts argue." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/02/100208211924.htm (accessed September 2, 2014).

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