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Genetic form of anemia defined molecularly

Date:
April 1, 2010
Source:
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Summary:
Sideroblastic anemia is a form of anemia caused by an inability to incorporate iron into hemoglobin, something that is essential if the molecule is to perform its vital function of carrying oxygen from the lungs to the tissues. Recently, a patient with sideroblastic anemia was found to have a mutation in their GLRX5 gene that led to GLRX5 protein deficiency. New research has now provided insight into how GLRX5 protein deficiency causes sideroblastic anemia.
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Sideroblastic anemia is a form of anemia caused by an inability to incorporate iron into hemoglobin, something that is essential if the molecule is to perform its vital function of carrying oxygen from the lungs to the tissues. Recently, a patient with sideroblastic anemia was found to have a mutation in their GLRX5 gene that led to GLRX5 protein deficiency.

Tracey Rouault and colleagues, at the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, have now provided insight into how GLRX5 protein deficiency causes sideroblastic anemia.

Specifically, they find that in human cells, GLRX5 is essential for generating iron-sulfur clusters (molecular groups that facilitate a wide range of cellular activities, including sensing of iron and oxygen) and maintaining normal levels of iron in cellular compartments known as mitochondria and the cytosol. Further analysis revealed a molecular explanation for why GLRX5 protein deficiency caused disease in only one cell type in the body, the red blood cell.

The research appears in the Journal of Clinical Investigation.


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The above post is reprinted from materials provided by Journal of Clinical Investigation. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Hong Ye, Suh Young Jeong, Manik C. Ghosh, Gennadiy Kovtunovych, Laura Silvestri, Danilo Ortillo, Naoya Uchida, John Tisdale, Clara Camaschella, Tracey A. Rouault. Glutaredoxin 5 deficiency causes sideroblastic anemia by specifically impairing heme biosynthesis and depleting cytosolic iron in human erythroblasts. Journal of Clinical Investigation, 2010; DOI: 10.1172/JCI40372

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Journal of Clinical Investigation. "Genetic form of anemia defined molecularly." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 1 April 2010. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/04/100401173716.htm>.
Journal of Clinical Investigation. (2010, April 1). Genetic form of anemia defined molecularly. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 3, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/04/100401173716.htm
Journal of Clinical Investigation. "Genetic form of anemia defined molecularly." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/04/100401173716.htm (accessed July 3, 2015).

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