Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Psychoprophylaxis helps men with tocophobic -- fear of childbirth

Date:
November 10, 2010
Source:
Karolinska Institutet
Summary:
New research from Sweden shows that psychoprophylaxis can help men with tocophobia (fear of childbirth). The research also shows that although psychoprophylaxis generally has no effect on the experience of childbirth for women or men, its actual use during delivery seems to reduce the risk of emergency C-section.

New research, presented in a doctoral thesis from the Swedish medical university Karolinska Institutet, shows that psychoprophylaxis can help men with tocophobia (fear of childbirth). The thesis, which is to be presented on Nov. 12, also shows that although psychoprophylaxis generally has no effect on the experience of childbirth for women or men, its actual use during delivery seems to reduce the risk of emergency C-section.

Seventy per cent of all maternity clinics in Sweden now offer practical preparatory childbirth training, which often involve psychoprophylaxis. Malin Bergström, doctoral student at the Department of Woman and Child Health at Karolinska Institutet has previously shown that there is no correlation between antenatal psychoprophylactic training and women's and men's experiences of the actual delivery, the use of epidurals or the labour process. Her present study, however, shows that psychoprophylaxis does have some benefit -- for tocophobic men.

"These men make up a group that we have very scarce knowledge about, one that can actually benefit from psychoprophylaxis," says Ms Bergström. "This is important, as these men are easily neglected, and if they don't receive help the chances are that they won't tell anyone about their fears. Apart from the personal effect this has, it is also possible that this affects their relationship with the mother and child."

Men were categorised as tocophobic or not, by answering a questionnaire about their feelings in the middle of the term of pregnancy. The study applied the same instrument formerly used for tocophobic women, the content adapted to the men's circumstances. It contained 25 questions and statements about their feelings and thoughts ahead of delivery. Of the 762 respondents, 83 (approximately 11 per cent) were classified as tocophobic.

"This is a significant proportion of the men," says Ms Bergström. "Our study shows that these men also had a higher level of general anxiety during their partners' pregnancy, and lower self-confidence about becoming good parents."

Men suffering from tocophobia during pregnancy were more likely to find delivery more alarming than men without such a fear. However, parental training involving psychoprophylaxis had a positive impact on their experiences of childbirth.

"Through a programme of structured drills and counselling, they learn what the woman needs during labour and how the men can help. They seem to feel more prepared for the delivery process and this presumably alleviates their fear and anxiety."

Her research also shows that one in three tocophobic men have a partner with a similar fear. A particularly vulnerable group, and they can, at worst, drag each other down, she means, stressing how important it is for modern parental courses to be offered to those most in need of them, which is currently not the case.

"Psychoprophylaxis is currently an incredibly popular part of parental training," she says. "However, our research has shown that it is of no benefit to the vast majority of expectant parents. On the contrary, in fact, as it risks reinforcing the pattern that already exists by not appealing to socially disadvantaged groups, since psychoprophylaxis is most popular amongst the better-off. But people have different needs, as my and other research shows. And it's a method that might prove well suited to fathers with a fear of childbirth."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Karolinska Institutet. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Karolinska Institutet. "Psychoprophylaxis helps men with tocophobic -- fear of childbirth." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 10 November 2010. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/11/101109081601.htm>.
Karolinska Institutet. (2010, November 10). Psychoprophylaxis helps men with tocophobic -- fear of childbirth. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 28, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/11/101109081601.htm
Karolinska Institutet. "Psychoprophylaxis helps men with tocophobic -- fear of childbirth." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/11/101109081601.htm (accessed July 28, 2014).

Share This




More Mind & Brain News

Monday, July 28, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Losing Sleep Leaves You Vulnerable To 'False Memories'

Losing Sleep Leaves You Vulnerable To 'False Memories'

Newsy (July 27, 2014) — A new study shows sleep deprivation can make it harder for people to remember specific details of an event. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
University Quiz Implies Atheists Are Smarter Than Christians

University Quiz Implies Atheists Are Smarter Than Christians

Newsy (July 25, 2014) — An online quiz from a required course at Ohio State is making waves for suggesting atheists are inherently smarter than Christians. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Beatings and Addiction: Pakistan Drug 'clinic' Tortures Patients

Beatings and Addiction: Pakistan Drug 'clinic' Tortures Patients

AFP (July 24, 2014) — A so-called drugs rehab 'clinic' is closed down in Pakistan after police find scores of ‘patients’ chained up alleging serial abuse. Duration 03:05 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
New Painkiller Designed To Discourage Abuse: Will It Work?

New Painkiller Designed To Discourage Abuse: Will It Work?

Newsy (July 24, 2014) — The FDA approved Targiniq ER on Wednesday, a painkiller designed to keep users from abusing it. Like any new medication, however, it has doubters. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:  

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile iPhone Android Web
Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins