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New tool to monitor coral reef 'vital signs'

Date:
March 17, 2011
Source:
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science
Summary:
Scientists have created a new tool to monitor coral reef vital signs. By accurately measuring their biological pulse, scientists can better assess how climate change and other ecological threats impact coral reef health worldwide.

A team of scientists from the University of Miami, University of Puerto Rico, WHOI, Doherty Earth Observatory and the USGS developed and tested a new methods to monitor biological productivity at Cayo Enrique Reef in Puerto Rico. The invention measures dissolved oxygen production and consumption rates, allowing scientists to monitor the balance between the production of new organic matter by corals and algae, and the consumption of that organic matter by the reef's heterotrophs, which are essential to assessing the health of coral reef ecosystems.
Credit: C. Langdon

University of Miami (UM) Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science scientist Chris Langdon and colleagues developed a new tool to monitor coral reef vital signs. By accurately measuring their biological pulse, scientists can better assess how climate change and other ecological threats impact coral reef health worldwide.

During a March 2009 experiment at Cayo Enrique Reef in Puerto Rico, the team tested two new methods to monitor biological productivity. They compared a technique that measures changes in dissolved oxygen within a chamber that encloses an area of water above the reef with one that measures the flux of dissolved oxygen across the turbulent boundary layer above an unconfined portion of the seafloor.

By measuring dissolved oxygen production and consumption rates, scientists were able to monitor the balance between the production of new organic matter by the corals and algae and the consumption of that organic matter by the reef's heterotrophs, which are essential to assessing the health of coral reef ecosystems.

A combination of these methods is a valuable tool for assessing and studying the effects of climate change on coral reef health, according to the authors.

According to a recent analysis by the World Resources Institute, nearly 75 percent of the world's coral reefs are currently threatened by human activities and ecological disturbances, such as rising ocean temperatures, increased pollution, overfishing and ocean acidification.

Measurements of biological productivity have typically been made by tracing changes in dissolved oxygen in seawater as it passes over a reef. However, this is a labor intensive and difficult method, requiring repeated measurements. The new method opens up the possibility of making long-term, unattended, high-temporal resolution measurements of photosynthesis and respiration of coral reefs and any other benthic ecosystems.

The study was published in the March issue of the journal Geophysical Research Letters. The paper's co-authors are Langdon, Wade R. McGillis of Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory, Brice Loose of Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Kim K. Yates of the U.S. Geological Survey, and Jorge Corredor of the University of Puerto Rico.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. W. R. McGillis, C. Langdon, B. Loose, K. K. Yates, Jorge Corredor. Productivity of a coral reef using boundary layer and enclosure methods. Geophysical Research Letters, 2011; 38 (3) DOI: 10.1029/2010GL046179

Cite This Page:

University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science. "New tool to monitor coral reef 'vital signs'." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 17 March 2011. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/03/110317102559.htm>.
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science. (2011, March 17). New tool to monitor coral reef 'vital signs'. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 23, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/03/110317102559.htm
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science. "New tool to monitor coral reef 'vital signs'." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/03/110317102559.htm (accessed October 23, 2014).

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