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New perspectives on ion selectivity

Date:
April 25, 2011
Source:
Rockefeller University Press
Summary:
A new series of articles examines the ion selectivity of cation-selective channels and transporters.
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(Left) K+ ion (magenta sphere) is shown bound in the S2 site of the selectivity filter (green ribbon). The backbone carbonyl groups of the S2 site are shown as spheres. (Right) View looking down the pore axis. Atoms are shown in space-filling format.
Credit: Dixit, P.D., and D. Asthagiri. 2011. J. Gen. Physiol. doi:10.1085/jgp.201010533.

The latest Perspectives in General Physiology series examines the ion selectivity of cation-selective channels and transporters.

The series appears in the May 2011 issue of the Journal of General Physiology (www.jgp.org).

According to Perspectives Editor Olaf Andersen in his introduction, a key tool in most recent studies on ion selectivity has been the so-called "toy models," which emphasize the fluid-like features of the selectivity filter and allow for the isolation of key features. Although proteins may indeed be fluid-like at small-length scales, however, they show considerable rigidity at longer-length scales. Thus, while toy models allow for important new insights, the goal is to transfer this knowledge into understanding the selectivity of the bilayer-spanning channels. This remains a challenge as it becomes necessary to consider not only the equilibrium situations but also the kinetics, and the competition among the permeant ions as they strive to make it through the channel.

As demonstrated by the Perspectives contributors in this issue, the questions surrounding ion selectivity can be approached from different, complementary directions. Alam and Jiang focus on what can be deduced from crystal structures; Nimigean and Allen consider what can be learned from a combined electrophysiological, crystallographic, and computational approach; and the last three contributors -- Roux et al., Dixit and Asthagiri, and Varma et al. (appearing in the June 2011 issue of the JGP) -- consider different theoretical and computational approaches based on MD simulations and quasi-chemical theory, including the use of simple "toy" models, to identify the mechanisms underlying ion selectivity.


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The above story is based on materials provided by Rockefeller University Press. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal References:

  1. O. S. Andersen. Perspectives on: Ion selectivity. The Journal of General Physiology, 2011; 137 (5): 393 DOI: 10.1085/jgp.201110651
  2. A. Alam, Y. Jiang. Perspectives on: Ion selectivity: Structural studies of ion selectivity in tetrameric cation channels. The Journal of General Physiology, 2011; 137 (5): 397 DOI: 10.1085/jgp.201010546
  3. C. M. Nimigean, T. W. Allen. Perspectives on: Ion selectivity: Origins of ion selectivity in potassium channels from the perspective of channel block. The Journal of General Physiology, 2011; 137 (5): 405 DOI: 10.1085/jgp.201010551
  4. B. Roux, S. Berneche, B. Egwolf, B. Lev, S. Y. Noskov, C. N. Rowley, H. Yu. Perspectives on: Ion selectivity: Ion selectivity in channels and transporters. The Journal of General Physiology, 2011; 137 (5): 415 DOI: 10.1085/jgp.201010577
  5. P. D. Dixit, D. Asthagiri. Perspectives on: Ion selectivity: Thermodynamics of ion selectivity in the KcsA K channel. The Journal of General Physiology, 2011; 137 (5): 427 DOI: 10.1085/jgp.201010533

Cite This Page:

Rockefeller University Press. "New perspectives on ion selectivity." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 25 April 2011. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/04/110425135508.htm>.
Rockefeller University Press. (2011, April 25). New perspectives on ion selectivity. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 6, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/04/110425135508.htm
Rockefeller University Press. "New perspectives on ion selectivity." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/04/110425135508.htm (accessed May 6, 2015).

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