Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Community Conservation in Zanzibar: Not just mangroves and monkeys

Date:
December 29, 2011
Source:
Södertörn University
Summary:
The sustainable development goals of community conservation in Zanzibar raise more complex issues than just protecting monkeys and mangroves. Contingent socio-economic and cultural factors must be taken into account when planning and implementing conservation initiatives if they are to endure, let alone succeed.

The sustainable development goals of community conservation in Zanzibar raise more complex issues than just protecting monkeys and mangroves. Contingent socio-economic and cultural factors must be taken into account when planning and implementing conservation initiatives if they are to endure, let alone succeed.

The problem investigated by Fred Saunders in his thesis is why community conservation often falls short on its promises to deliver conservation, increase democracy and bring development opportunities to poor people in the rural South. His findings indicate that community conservation projects commonly fail because they are too mired in concern about regulating, or perhaps more accurately constraining, the 'direct' relationship between resource use and users.

The thesis argues that participants in community conservation should be seen not just as 'local rational resource users', as they largely are now, but as people with differentiated socio-economic and cultural interconnections and interests.

Evidence gathered from two community conservation case studies in Zanzibar was used to show how the theory underpinning these interventions is overly simplistic and determinative, and therefore does not sufficiently acknowledge the existing and emergent politics of project sites. A key misconception underpinning these projects is that the complexity and dynamism of community relations is able to be reduced to how people use local resources. In reality, people negotiate across multiple scales and numerous social terrains, including gender, family, class, work and politics, all of which potentially influence the management and use of resources. These interactions are historically influenced, power laden and have consequences.

Reflection on the results of this thesis indicate that community conservation approaches would benefit from taking a more contingent, embedded and dynamic view of institutional interaction. This would recognise that people pursue various interests in the spaces opened up by project interventions; that some people are more constrained than others in pursuing these interests, and that project interventions will change the existing social and socio-environmental relations in some way. How well these specific conditions are dealt with in community conservation projects could well mean the difference between realising localised sustainability benefits and abject failure.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Södertörn University. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Södertörn University. "Community Conservation in Zanzibar: Not just mangroves and monkeys." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 29 December 2011. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/12/111229091640.htm>.
Södertörn University. (2011, December 29). Community Conservation in Zanzibar: Not just mangroves and monkeys. ScienceDaily. Retrieved September 20, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/12/111229091640.htm
Södertörn University. "Community Conservation in Zanzibar: Not just mangroves and monkeys." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/12/111229091640.htm (accessed September 20, 2014).

Share This



More Earth & Climate News

Saturday, September 20, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Raw: Wildfires in CA Burn Forest Asunder

Raw: Wildfires in CA Burn Forest Asunder

AP (Sep. 18, 2014) — An out-of-control Northern California wildfire has nearly 2,800 people from their homes as it continues to grow, authorities said Thursday. Authorities said a man has been arrested on suspicion of arson for starting the fire on Saturday. (Sept. 18) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Raw: Elephant Undergoes Surgery in Tbilisi Zoo

Raw: Elephant Undergoes Surgery in Tbilisi Zoo

AP (Sep. 18, 2014) — Grand the elephant has successfully undergone surgery to remove a portion of infected tusk at Tbilisi Zoo in Georgia. British veterinary surgeons used an electric drill to extract the infected piece. (Sept. 18) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Raw: Scientists Examine Colossal Squid

Raw: Scientists Examine Colossal Squid

AP (Sep. 16, 2014) — Squid experts in New Zealand thawed and examined an unusual catch on Tuesday: a colossal squid. It was captured in Antarctica's remote Ross Sea in December last year and has been frozen for eight months. (Sept. 16) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Man Floats for 31 Hours in Gulf Waters

Man Floats for 31 Hours in Gulf Waters

AP (Sep. 16, 2014) — A Texas man is lucky to be alive after he and three others floated for more than a day in the Gulf of Mexico when their boat sank during a fishing trip. (Sept. 16) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:  

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile iPhone Android Web
Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins