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White rot fungus boosts ethanol production from corn stalks, cobs and leaves

Date:
July 11, 2012
Source:
American Chemical Society
Summary:
Scientists are reporting new evidence that a white rot fungus shows promise in the search for a way to use waste corn stalks, cobs and leaves -- rather than corn itself -- to produce ethanol to extend supplies of gasoline. Their study is on using the fungus to break down the tough cellulose and related material in this so-called "corn stover" to free up sugars for ethanol fermentation.
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Scientists are reporting new evidence that a white rot fungus shows promise in the search for a way to use waste corn stalks, cobs and leaves -- rather than corn itself -- to produce ethanol to extend supplies of gasoline. Their study on using the fungus to break down the tough cellulose and related material in this so-called "corn stover" to free up sugars for ethanol fermentation appears in the ACS' journal Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research.

Yebo Li and colleagues explain that corn ethanol supplies are facing a crunch because corn is critical for animal feed and food. They note that the need for new sources of ethanol has shifted attention to using stover, which is the most abundant agricultural residue in the U.S., estimated at 170-256 million tons per year. The challenge is to find a way to break down tough cellulose material in cobs, stalks and leaves -- so that sugars inside can be fermented to ethanol. Previous studies indicated that the microbe Ceriporiopsis subvermispora, known as a white rot fungus, showed promise for breaking down the tough plant material prior to treatment with enzymes to release the sugars. To advance that knowledge, they evaluated how well the fungus broke down the different parts of corn stover and improved the sugar yield.

Treating stover with the white rot fungus for one month enabled them to extract up to 30 percent more sugar from the leaves and 50 percent more from the stalks and cobs. Because corn leaves are useful for controlling soil erosion when left in the field, harvesting only the cobs and stalks for ethanol production may make the most sense in terms of sustainable agriculture, the report suggests.


Story Source:

The above post is reprinted from materials provided by American Chemical Society. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Zhifang Cui, Caixia Wan, Jian Shi, Robert W. Sykes, Yebo Li. Enzymatic Digestibility of Corn Stover Fractions in Response to Fungal Pretreatment. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 2012; 51 (21): 7153 DOI: 10.1021/ie300487z

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American Chemical Society. "White rot fungus boosts ethanol production from corn stalks, cobs and leaves." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 11 July 2012. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/07/120711210243.htm>.
American Chemical Society. (2012, July 11). White rot fungus boosts ethanol production from corn stalks, cobs and leaves. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 5, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/07/120711210243.htm
American Chemical Society. "White rot fungus boosts ethanol production from corn stalks, cobs and leaves." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/07/120711210243.htm (accessed July 5, 2015).

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