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Droughts threaten Bornean rainforests

Date:
July 16, 2012
Source:
American Geophysical Union
Summary:
At 130 million years old, the rainforests of Southeast Asia are the oldest in the world and home to thousands of plant and animal species, some endemic to these forests. The rainforests also play important roles in modulating regional rainfall as well in the global carbon cycle.

At 130 million years old, the rainforests of Southeast Asia are the oldest in the world and home to thousands of plant and animal species, some endemic to these forests. The rainforests also play important roles in modulating regional rainfall as well in the global carbon cycle.

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However, since the 1960s, increased warming in the Indian Ocean and frequent El Niño events have reduced rainfall in the region by approximately 1 percent per decade. Further, the Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change predicts that over the 21st century, Southeast Asia will experience higher land temperatures, more droughts, and increased seasonality -- wet seasons during the fall will get wetter, and dry seasons during the spring will get drier. However, few studies in the past have investigated how trees in the southeastern Asian rainforests respond to droughts and climate change.

In a new study, Kumagai and Porporato combine extensive field observations, historical records, and global climate models to investigate the potential impact of rainfall shifts and droughts on tree mortality in the Bornean rainforests of Southeast Asia. They find that as El Niño events become more frequent in the future in response to warming in the tropical oceans, even the species of trees that can adapt to drought conditions will be at increased risk of dying off. The small number of species that cannot adapt well to drought conditions will be at even greater risk of dying off.

Their study has implications for predictions of ecological changes, regional rainfall patterns, and global climate as well as direct applications for policies aimed at reducing additional human impacts on these ecosystems, which are not only vulnerable to climate change but also have the highest rates of deforestation in the whole world.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by American Geophysical Union. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Tomo'omi Kumagai, Amilcare Porporato. Drought-induced mortality of a Bornean tropical rain forest amplified by climate change. Journal of Geophysical Research, 2012; 117 (G2) DOI: 10.1029/2011JG001835

Cite This Page:

American Geophysical Union. "Droughts threaten Bornean rainforests." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 16 July 2012. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/07/120716214244.htm>.
American Geophysical Union. (2012, July 16). Droughts threaten Bornean rainforests. ScienceDaily. Retrieved March 3, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/07/120716214244.htm
American Geophysical Union. "Droughts threaten Bornean rainforests." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/07/120716214244.htm (accessed March 3, 2015).

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