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Atomically thin device promises new class of electronics: Tunable electrical behavior not previously realized in conventional devices

Date:
October 21, 2013
Source:
Northwestern University
Summary:
As electronics approach the atomic scale, researchers are increasingly successful at developing atomically thin, virtually two-dimensional materials that could usher in the next generation of computing. Integrating these materials to create necessary circuits, however, has remained a challenge. Researchers have now taken a significant step toward fabricating complex nanoscale electronics: the creation of a p-n heterojunction diode, a fundamental building block of modern electronics.

As electronics approach the atomic scale, researchers are increasingly successful at developing atomically thin, virtually two-dimensional materials that could usher in the next generation of computing. Integrating these materials to create necessary circuits, however, has remained a challenge.

Northwestern University researchers have now taken a significant step toward fabricating complex nanoscale electronics. By integrating two atomically thin materials -- molybdenum disulfide and carbon nanotubes -- they have created a p-n heterojunction diode, an interface between two types of semiconducting materials.

"The p-n junction diode is among the most ubiquitous components of modern electronics," said Mark Hersam, Bette and Neison Harris Chair in Teaching Excellence in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at Northwestern's McCormick School of Engineering and Applied Science and director of the Northwestern University Materials Research Center. "By creating this device using atomically thin materials, we not only realize the benefits of conventional diodes but also achieve the ability to electronically tune and customize the device characteristics. We anticipate that this work will enable new types of electronic functionality and could be applied to the growing number of emerging two-dimensional materials."

The isolation over the past decade of atomically thin two-dimensional crystals -- such as graphene, a single-atom-thick carbon lattice -- has prompted researchers to stack two or more distinct two-dimensional materials to create high-performance, ultrathin electronic devices. While significant progress has been made in this direction, one of the most important electronic components -- the p-n junction diode -- has been notably absent.

Among the most widely used electronic structures, the p-n junction diode forms the basis of a number of technologies, including solar cells, light-emitting diodes, photodetectors, computers, and lasers.

In addition to its novel electronic functionality, the p-n heterojunction diode is also highly sensitive to light. This attribute has allowed the authors to fabricate and demonstrate an ultrafast photodetector with an electronically tunable wavelength response.

The research was published October 21 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

In addition to Hersam, leading the research were Lincoln Lauhon, professor of materials science and engineering, and Tobin Marks, Vladimir N. Ipatieff Professor of Catalytic Chemistry and (by courtesy) Materials Science and Engineering.

Other authors of the paper are postdoctoral researchers Vinod Sangwan, Chung-Chiang Wu, and Pradyumna Prabhumirashi, and graduate students Deep Jariwala and Michael Geier, all of whom are affiliated with Northwestern University.

This research was supported by the National Science Foundation-funded Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC) and the Office of Naval Research.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Northwestern University. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Deep Jariwala, Vinod K. Sangwan, Chung-Chiang Wu, Pradyumna L. Prabhumirashi, Michael L. Geier, Tobin J. Marks, Lincoln J. Lauhon and Mark C. Hersam. Gate-tunable carbon nanotube–MoS2 heterojunction p-n diode. PNAS, 2013 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1317226110

Cite This Page:

Northwestern University. "Atomically thin device promises new class of electronics: Tunable electrical behavior not previously realized in conventional devices." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 21 October 2013. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/10/131021162653.htm>.
Northwestern University. (2013, October 21). Atomically thin device promises new class of electronics: Tunable electrical behavior not previously realized in conventional devices. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 17, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/10/131021162653.htm
Northwestern University. "Atomically thin device promises new class of electronics: Tunable electrical behavior not previously realized in conventional devices." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/10/131021162653.htm (accessed April 17, 2014).

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