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One of the world's most significant finds of marine reptile fossils from Cretaceous period

Date:
June 4, 2014
Source:
Heidelberg University
Summary:
The ichthyosaur graveyard in Torres del Paine National Park at Chile’s southern tip turns out to be one of the world's most significant fossil finds of marine reptiles from the Cretaceous period, containing many nearly fully preserved ichthyosaur skeletons as well as numerous other fossils. In the southern summer of 2004, in Torres del Paine National Park in Patagonia near Chile's southern tip, glaciologists stumbled upon the skeletal remains of ichthyosaurs, or fish-lizards, probably exposed just a few years earlier as the Patagonian glacier receded.

Articulated skeleton of an ichthyosaur from the Torres del Paine National Park.
Credit: W. Stinnesbeck

The cache of skeletal ichthyosaurs stumbled upon ten years ago in Chile turns out to be one of the world's most significant fossil finds of marine reptiles from the Cretaceous period, containing many nearly fully preserved ichthyosaur skeletons as well as numerous other fossils. This is the conclusion of a German-Chilean research team of geoscientist Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Stinnesbeck of Heidelberg University and palaeontologist Prof. Dr. Eberhard Frey of the State Museum of Natural History Karlsruhe. The scientists have fully catalogued the discovery for the first time, while at the same time reconstructing the conditions that led to the excellent preservation and unusual concentration of "fish-lizard" skeletons.

Their results were published in the journal Geological Society of America Bulletin.

In the southern summer of 2004, in Torres del Paine National Park in Patagonia near Chile's southern tip, glaciologists stumbled upon the skeletal remains of ichthyosaurs, or fish-lizards, probably exposed just a few years earlier as the Patagonian glacier receded. Prof. Stinnesbeck and Prof. Frey as well as scientists in Chile have spent the last few years studying this new and scientifically rich site. In three expeditions the German-Chilean team of experts uncovered more than 40 virtually complete skeletons of adult and juvenile ichthyosaurs, and even embryos, as well as ammonites, belemnites, bivalves, bony fishes and plant remains. "This concentration is unique for Chile and South America, making the fossil site significant internationally," explains the researcher from Heidelberg University's Institute of Earth Sciences.

According to the German-Chilean research team, the fish-lizard lived and hunted along the northeastern edge of a deep sea that then separated the Antarctic continent from Patagonia. Adults and juveniles hunted in groups in an underwater canyon rich with squid and small fish, their most important prey. As the continent gradually broke apart, earthquakes or avalanches on the steep slope occasionally unleashed devastating mudflows that sucked everything in their path down with them, including the marine reptiles. "The air-breathing fish-lizards became disoriented in the turbidity currents. They were sucked down hundreds of metres into the deep ocean," says Prof. Stinnesbeck. "The fine sediment that was swept along immediately entombed the dead or dying animals."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Heidelberg University. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. W. Stinnesbeck, E. Frey, L. Rivas, J. P. Perez, M. L. Cartes, C. S. Soto, P. Z. Lobos. A Lower Cretaceous ichthyosaur graveyard in deep marine slope channel deposits at Torres del Paine National Park, southern Chile. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 2014; DOI: 10.1130/B30964.1

Cite This Page:

Heidelberg University. "One of the world's most significant finds of marine reptile fossils from Cretaceous period." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 4 June 2014. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/06/140604093323.htm>.
Heidelberg University. (2014, June 4). One of the world's most significant finds of marine reptile fossils from Cretaceous period. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 26, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/06/140604093323.htm
Heidelberg University. "One of the world's most significant finds of marine reptile fossils from Cretaceous period." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/06/140604093323.htm (accessed July 26, 2014).

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