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Genes found to be linked to breast cancer in East Asian women

Date:
July 23, 2014
Source:
Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Summary:
A new study in East Asian women has identified three genetic changes linked to an increased risk of breast cancer. While breast cancer is one of the most common malignancies among women worldwide, most studies of the genetic risk factors for the disease have focused on women of European ancestry.

Qiuyin Cai, M.D., Ph.D., and colleagues have identified three genetic changes linked to breast cancer risk in East Asian women.
Credit: John Russell

A new study in East Asian women has identified three genetic changes linked to an increased risk of breast cancer. The research, led by Vanderbilt University investigators, was published online July 20 in Nature Genetics.

While breast cancer is one of the most common malignancies among women worldwide, most studies of the genetic risk factors for the disease have focused on women of European ancestry.

Given the differences in genetic heritage and environmental exposures between East Asian women and those of European ancestry, the investigators decided to conduct a study in East Asians to search for genetic changes that are linked to breast cancer development. The current study was conducted as part of the Asia Breast Cancer Consortium led by Wei Zheng, M.D., Ph.D., MPH, Ingram Professor of Cancer Research at Vanderbilt.

First author Qiuyin Cai, M.D., Ph.D., associate professor of Medicine, and colleagues performed a genome-wide association study of 22,780 women with breast cancer, and 24,181 control subjects who were recruited in 14 studies in Asian countries, including China, Japan, Korea, Malaysia and Singapore.

DNA for the gene assays was obtained through blood samples or buccal cells from mouthwash.

"We found DNA sequence changes in two genes, PRC1 and ZC3H11A, and a change near the ARRDC3 gene were associated with breast cancer risk and we identified a possible association with a fourth gene locus," said Cai. "Two of those sequence changes are in parts of the genome that regulate the expression of nearby genes."

ARRDC3 and PRC1 genes were previously linked to breast cancer growth and poor survival in breast cancer patients, respectively. The role of ZC3H11A in breast cancer is unknown.

These DNA sequence changes may affect the regulation of cell growth, tumor cell migration and invasion, or metastasis.

These results were also replicated in a large consortium, including 16,003 breast cancer cases and 41,335 control subjects of European ancestry, as reported by the authors.

The risk of breast cancer conferred by each of these new genetic markers is relatively small. However, these new markers could be combined in the future with other breast cancer predictors, including genetic markers identified previously, to identify potentially high-risk women for screening and other prevention programs.

Results from this study provide additional insights into the genetics and biology of breast cancer. Based on these findings, the authors say further studies of possible mechanisms through which these loci and genes are involved in breast cancer development are warranted.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Vanderbilt University Medical Center. The original article was written by Dagny Stuart. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Qiuyin Cai, Ben Zhang, Hyuna Sung, Siew-Kee Low, Sun-Seog Kweon, Wei Lu, Jiajun Shi, Jirong Long, Wanqing Wen, Ji-Yeob Choi, Dong-Young Noh, Chen-Yang Shen, Keitaro Matsuo, Soo-Hwang Teo, Mi Kyung Kim, Ui Soon Khoo, Motoki Iwasaki, Mikael Hartman, Atsushi Takahashi, Kyota Ashikawa, Koichi Matsuda, Min-Ho Shin, Min Ho Park, Ying Zheng, Yong-Bing Xiang, Bu-Tian Ji, Sue K Park, Pei-Ei Wu, Chia-Ni Hsiung, Hidemi Ito, Yoshio Kasuga, Peter Kang, Shivaani Mariapun, Sei Hyun Ahn, Han Sung Kang, Kelvin Y K Chan, Ellen P S Man, Hiroji Iwata, Shoichiro Tsugane, Hui Miao, Jiemin Liao, Yusuke Nakamura, Michiaki Kubo, Ryan J Delahanty, Yanfeng Zhang, Bingshan Li, Chun Li, Yu-Tang Gao, Xiao-Ou Shu, Daehee Kang, Wei Zheng. Genome-wide association analysis in East Asians identifies breast cancer susceptibility loci at 1q32.1, 5q14.3 and 15q26.1. Nature Genetics, 2014; DOI: 10.1038/ng.3041

Cite This Page:

Vanderbilt University Medical Center. "Genes found to be linked to breast cancer in East Asian women." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 23 July 2014. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/07/140723111135.htm>.
Vanderbilt University Medical Center. (2014, July 23). Genes found to be linked to breast cancer in East Asian women. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 21, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/07/140723111135.htm
Vanderbilt University Medical Center. "Genes found to be linked to breast cancer in East Asian women." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/07/140723111135.htm (accessed October 21, 2014).

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