Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Cancer: Treatment that prevents tumor metastasis identified in animal study

Date:
July 24, 2014
Source:
Université catholique de Louvain - UCL
Summary:
Metastasis, the strategy adopted by tumor cells to transform into an aggressive form of cancer, are often associated with a gloomy prognosis. Managing to block the metastasis or, even better, prevent their formation would be a giant step towards the fight against cancer. Researchers successfully performed this on models of human tumors in mice.

Metastasis, the strategy adopted by tumor cells to transform into an aggressive form of cancer, are often associated with a gloomy prognosis. Managing to block the metastasis or, even better, prevent their formation would be a giant step towards the fight against cancer. Researchers at Université catholique de Louvain (Belgium) successfully performed this world first on models of human tumors in mice. The results of their study are published online on 24 July in the journal Cell Reports.

Related Articles


The work by Professor Pierre Sonveaux's team, at Université catholique de Louvain's Institute of Experimental and Clinical Research (IREC), succeeded in pinpointing a family of pharmaceutical compounds whose action prevents the appearance of tumor metastasis. The researchers achieved this tour de force by studying the mitochondria in tumor cells. These organelles are considered as the cells' power station. But when their functioning is altered, as the UCL researchers observed in tumor cells, the mitochondria can promote cell migration, thus leading to the formation of metastasis.

Paolo E. Porporato, a post-doctoral researcher, and other young researchers in Professor Pierre Sonveaux's team, examined the molecular mechanism responsible for the mitochondria's ability to promote metastasis. They succeeded in showing that, under certain conditions, the mitochondria produce more free radicals known as superoxide ions (O2.-). It is this overproduction of superoxide that leads to the formation of metastasis and, consequently, the growth of a tumor.

Involved in other human pathologies such as Parkinson's and Alzheimer's disease, the production of superoxide by the mitochondria can be blocked by very specific antioxidants such as MitoTEMPO. Used in models of murine and human tumors, these compounds turned out to be very efficient at blocking the migration of tumor cells and preventing the spontaneous formation of human tumor metastasis in mice!

This research was conducted within the framework of projects mainly financed by an ERC Starting Grant, which Pierre Sonveaux obtained in 2009, and support from the F.R.S.-FNRS, Télévie and the Fondation contre le Cancer. The discovery of a treatment capable of blocking the mechanism responsible for the formation of metastasis and the existence of a family of promising compounds, is encouragement for their future assessment in a clinical study that aims to validate a preventive treatment against tumor metastasis.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Université catholique de Louvain - UCL. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Paolo E. Porporato, Valéry L. Payen, Jhudit Pérez-Escuredo, Christophe J. De Saedeleer, Pierre Danhier, Tamara Copetti, Suveera Dhup, Morgane Tardy, Thibaut Vazeille, Caroline Bouzin, Olivier Feron, Carine Michiels, Bernard Gallez, Pierre Sonveaux. A Mitochondrial Switch Promotes Tumor Metastasis. Cell Reports, 2014; DOI: 10.1016/j.celrep.2014.06.043

Cite This Page:

Université catholique de Louvain - UCL. "Cancer: Treatment that prevents tumor metastasis identified in animal study." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 24 July 2014. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/07/140724124256.htm>.
Université catholique de Louvain - UCL. (2014, July 24). Cancer: Treatment that prevents tumor metastasis identified in animal study. ScienceDaily. Retrieved February 28, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/07/140724124256.htm
Université catholique de Louvain - UCL. "Cancer: Treatment that prevents tumor metastasis identified in animal study." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/07/140724124256.htm (accessed February 28, 2015).

Share This


More From ScienceDaily



More Health & Medicine News

Saturday, February 28, 2015

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Could a $34 Smartphone Device Improve HIV Diagnosis in Africa?

Could a $34 Smartphone Device Improve HIV Diagnosis in Africa?

Reuters - Innovations Video Online (Feb. 27, 2015) — A dongle that plugs into a Smartphone mimics a lab-based blood test for HIV and syphilis and can detect the diseases in 15 minutes, say researchers. Tara Cleary reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Doctor Says Head Transplants Possible Within Two Years

Doctor Says Head Transplants Possible Within Two Years

Buzz60 (Feb. 27, 2015) — An Italian doctor is saying he could stick someone&apos;s head onto someone else&apos;s body. Patrick Jones (@Patrick_E_Jones) reports. Video provided by Buzz60
Powered by NewsLook.com
How Your Dentist Could Help Screen You For Diabetes

How Your Dentist Could Help Screen You For Diabetes

Newsy (Feb. 27, 2015) — A new study from researchers at New York University suggests dentists could soon use blood samples taken from patients&apos; mouths to test for diabetes. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
The Best Tips to Makeover Your Health

The Best Tips to Makeover Your Health

Buzz60 (Feb. 27, 2015) — If you&apos;re looking to boost your health this season, there are a few quick and easy steps to prompt you for success. Krystin Goodwin (@Krystingoodwin) has the best tips to give your health a makeover this spring! Video provided by Buzz60
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories

 

Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:  

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile iPhone Android Web
Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins