The best way to improve a doctor's bedside manner may lie in a new tool that evaluates and helps medical residents improve their communication and other soft skills to become better doctors, according to a new study led by Women's College Hospital's Dr. Tim Dwyer.
The study, published in the latest issue of the Canadian Journal of Surgery, is the first to look at the medical residents' collaboration, communication and other soft skills, or what are known as CanMEDS competencies, in orthopedic surgical training.
"While we do a great job at evaluating the medical skills of residents, we don't have a good tool to objectively test their soft skills such as teamwork and how to communicate bad news to a patient, which is just as important in their careers as surgeons," said Dr. Tim Dwyer, orthopedic surgeon at Women's College Hospital and lead author of the study. "Our new examination tool is very effective in objectively testing multiple soft skills in one examination session in a orthopedic residency program."
The study, involving 25 orthopedic residents with various years of training, examined how medical residents handled cases of suspected domestic violence, their ability to manage the operating room, how they applied evidence-based medicine, and how they communicated with patients' disgruntled family members regarding delays in surgery.
The exam, called the objective structure clinical examination (OSCE), was composed of six 10-minute simulation stations with scenarios based on real-life clinical situations. It tested six soft skills, or CanMEDs competencies, required to be effective physicians: communicator, collaborator, manager, health advocate, scholar and professional.
"You can't be a good doctor if you can't effectively communicate with patients or others on your team," said Dr. Dwyer. "And in the eyes of the public this is paramount to quality care."
According to the study, nearly 90 per cent of residents who were surveyed on the effectiveness of the tool thought that the scenarios reflected the reality of what they would encounter in general practice, and more than 80 per cent agreed that it would help them prepare for their final exam. The majority thought that this tool was an effective way to test their understanding of each of the soft skills.
"For decades, medical residents' soft skills were examined on paper," said Dr. Dwyer. "Our study shows that this tool offers a better, more objective exam alternative, and it has a potential to spread beyond orthopedic surgery to other specialties."
- Tim Dwyer, Susan Takahashi, Melissa Hynes, Jodi Herold, David Wasserstein, Markku Nousiainen, Peter Ferguson, Veronica Wadey, M. Murnaghan, Tim Leroux, John Semple, Brian Hodges, Darrell Ogilvie-Harris. How to assess communication, professionalism, collaboration and the other intrinsic CanMEDS roles in orthopedic residents: use of an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE). Canadian Journal of Surgery, 2014; 57 (4): 230 DOI: 10.1503/cjs.018813
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