Reference Terms
from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


The lithosphere is the solid outermost shell of a rocky planet.

On the Earth, the lithosphere includes the crust and the uppermost layer of the mantle (the upper mantle or lower lithosphere) which is joined to the crust.

The lithosphere is broken up into different plates.

Note:   The above text is excerpted from the Wikipedia article "Lithosphere", which has been released under the GNU Free Documentation License.
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November 27, 2015

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updated 12:56 pm ET