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Theory behind Ising superconductivity explained

Date:
November 23, 2015
Source:
Hong Kong University of Science and Technology
Summary:
Superconductivity in thin films of MoS2 can survive under extremely high magnetic fields, and scientists have now provided the explanation.
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a) Maximum magnetic field Bc2 (normalized) at which superconductivity can survive versus temperature T. Filled circles are data taken from MoS2 thin films. Without taking into account internal magnetic fields generated by the lattice structure of MoS2, Bc2 cannot exceed 1. b) Taking into account the internal magnetic fields, the experimental data can be well explained theoretically.
Credit: The Physics Department, HKUST

Superconductivity is a fascinating quantum phenomenon in which electrons form pairs and flow with zero resistance. However, strong enough magnetic field can break electron pairs and destroy superconductivity. Surprisingly, experimental groups led by Prof. Ye and Prof. Zeitler in Groningen and Nijmegen found that superconductivity in thin films of MoS2 could withstand an applied magnetic field as strong as 37 Tesla.

An explanation for the phenomenon was needed and Prof. Law's theory group at Hong Kong University of Science and Technology promptly solved the puzzle. The collective findings were published on 12 November in Science.

Professor Law and his student Yuan proposed that the lattice structure of MoS2 thin films allows the moving electrons in the material to experience strong internal magnetic fields of about 100 Tesla. This special type of internal magnetic fields, instead of damaging superconductivity, protects the superconducting electron pairs from being destroyed by external magnetic fields. They called this type of superconductors, "Ising superconductors." They also predict that many other superconductors, which have similar lattice structure as MoS2, would fall into the same family of "Ising superconductors" as well.

In addition to their survivability under a strong magnetic field, Professor Law's team pointed out that Ising superconductors can be used to create a new type of particles called Majorana fermions. These Majorana fermions would have potential applications in making quantum computers. "Many novel properties and applications of Ising superconductors have yet to be discovered," Professor Law said.

"Now that we understand the mechanism of how certain materials become resistant to interference from external magnetic fields, we can look for materials with similar characteristics to those of superconducting MoS2." Professor Law said. "I am sure we will unearth more Ising superconductors soon."


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Materials provided by Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. J. M. Lu, O. Zheliuk, I. Leermakers, N. F. Q. Yuan, U. Zeitler, K. T. Law, J. T. Ye. Evidence for two-dimensional Ising superconductivity in gated MoS2. Science, 2015; DOI: 10.1126/science.aab2277

Cite This Page:

Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. "Theory behind Ising superconductivity explained." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 23 November 2015. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/11/151123102106.htm>.
Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. (2015, November 23). Theory behind Ising superconductivity explained. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 29, 2017 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/11/151123102106.htm
Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. "Theory behind Ising superconductivity explained." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/11/151123102106.htm (accessed May 29, 2017).

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