A research team led by Kazunari Yamaura, chief researcher, Superconducting Properties Unit, National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Japan, and Dr. Stuart Calder and others at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in the United States, jointly demonstrated that the strongest ever spin-phonon coupling was observed in osmium oxide synthesized for the first time in the world by NIMS in 2009. A general belief is that the stronger the coupling between various properties in a material is, the more advantageous it is in the development of a new functional material. As such, the osmium oxide may serve as a candidate for a next-generation functional material useful in the areas of information & technology and electronics.
While platinum group elements and their compounds are widely used as catalysts, their other functions have not been explored very much, partly because they are expensive. Amid the situation, the NIMS research team discovered that the osmium oxide it synthesized in 2009 exhibits an unusual magnetic transition at about 140°C, which is higher than room temperature, and had been taking on the challenge of pioneering non-catalytic, industrial functions of the material.
Based on the recent observation of spin-phonon coupling in the osmium oxide, the team found that the coupling was the strongest ever observed. The strong spin-phonon coupling may be caused by the outermost orbitals of osmium atoms as they are greatly extended outward in space, in the solid oxide. The fact that this structural characteristic is common to all platinum group elements suggests that compounds based on these elements other than osmium are also likely to be associated with strong spin-phonon coupling.
Spin-phonon coupling directly represents the strength of interaction between magnetism (spin) and the crystal lattice system (phonon). Recent studies indicate that the stronger the spin-phonon interaction is, the more favorable it is in the development of new materials -- such as a multiferroic material, for example -- in which the coupling of magnetism and the lattice system has great importance. Expectations are rising for the multiferroic material as a candidate for an innovative functional material, as it may contribute to the realization of power-saving high-density information-recording elements and power-saving ultra-high-speed logic elements. This study is considered to be a major step toward this endeavor.
This research was carried out in the framework of the NIMS 3rd Mid-Term Program project on advanced superconducting materials.
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