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New categorization of food scares will help efficient development of strategies to prevent food chain being compromised

Date:
January 9, 2017
Source:
University of Surrey
Summary:
A new categorization of food scares has been developed by experts. Existing categorizations were found to be too simplistic, not recognizing contributing factors, they say. The researchers propose that the term ‘food scare’ is redefined to take into account consumers’ distrust in the food supply chain.
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Researchers from the University of Surrey have developed a new comprehensive categorization of food scares, a new study in the British Food Journal reports.

The food sector is now a world market with products sourced from all over the globe to meet the growing demand of consumers for diverse food stuffs regardless of seasonality. Fulfilling such demands has led to the creation of complex food supply chains which have limited traceability and accountability mechanisms, increasing the likelihood of food scares.

Researchers in this study found that a single, comprehensive and useable categorization of food scares did not exist. Such categorizations are useful in developing strategies for reducing the frequency and severity of scares. However, those in existence were deemed to be too simplistic as they did not allow for cross categorization of factors which could compromise the food chain.

To give greater clarity and consistency to the sector, researchers from the University of Surrey worked with industry experts to develop a new categorization system. Unlike previous systems, this new categorization structure enables a food scare to be classified according to both its physical manifestation (chemical/physical or biological contamination) and the origins of the scare (wilful deception and/or transparency and awareness issues).

By highlighting where and how the nature of different types of food scares overlap, this classification will enable risk management teams to address categories of potential scares in a systematic way and develop effective strategies to avoid future occurrences.

Co-author of the report Professor Angela Druckman from the University of Surrey said: “With food scares becoming more frequent, it is important that we have a categorization system which enables efficient development of strategies to tackle such compromises to our food supply.”

Dr Elizabeth Whitworth from RSK ADAS, and formerly of the University of Surrey, said: “The salient feature of the new categorization is that it distinguishes between scares caused by wilful deception, and those that are caused by transparency and awareness issues.”

During the study researchers also found current definitions of the term ‘food scare’ to be inadequate as they fail to acknowledge consumers’ lack of trust in the food chain. Researchers pointed to the 2013 horse meat scandal, which although was not harmful for human consumption, created a wariness amongst consumers of the food and supply chain.

Hence a new definition of a food scare was developed:

“A food scare is the response to a food incident (real or perceived) that causes a sudden disruption to the food supply chain and to food consumption patterns.”

This new recommended definition takes into account that it is the response of consumers in their purchasing decisions that elevates a food incident to a food scare.


Story Source:

Materials provided by University of Surrey. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Elizabeth Whitworth, Angela Druckman, Amy Woodward. Food scares: a comprehensive categorisation. British Food Journal, 2017; 119 (1): 131 DOI: 10.1108/BFJ-06-2016-0263

Cite This Page:

University of Surrey. "New categorization of food scares will help efficient development of strategies to prevent food chain being compromised." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 9 January 2017. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/01/170109093025.htm>.
University of Surrey. (2017, January 9). New categorization of food scares will help efficient development of strategies to prevent food chain being compromised. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 26, 2017 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/01/170109093025.htm
University of Surrey. "New categorization of food scares will help efficient development of strategies to prevent food chain being compromised." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/01/170109093025.htm (accessed May 26, 2017).

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