Nervous System News
May 25, 2016

Latest Headlines
updated 5:32am EDT

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May 25, 2016

Enzyme Pair Play Crucial Role in Maintaining Balance of Cellular Processes

May 20, 2016 — Scientists show that ULK1 and ULK2, two enzymes involved in autophagy, regulate the trafficking of proteins between select cellular compartments, a new report ... read more

Rhythm of 'Detox' and Feeding Genes in Fruitflies, Mice Coordinated by Neuropeptide

May 18, 2016 — A 24-hour rhythm of cellular detoxification in flies and mammals is coordinated by a neuropeptide that also drives feeding in both organisms. Many detoxification genes are expressed with a circadian ... read more

Resistant Neurons Point the Way to Protective Factors in ALS

May 16, 2016 — The growth factor IGF-2 can prevent the death of human nerve cells in the incurable disease ALS, according to a new study. The work demonstrates that degeneration-resistant oculomotor neurons can be ... read more

Depression Is Driven by Networks of Genes That Span Brain Circuits, Study Suggests

May 12, 2016 — Depression is a disorder that involves changes in coordinated networks of hundreds of genes across key brain circuits, according to a study. Researchers show through their work how tweaking gene ... read more

Brain Cells That Aid Appetite Control Identified

May 12, 2016 — Brain cells that play a crucial role in appetite and weight gain has been identified. They are known as NG2-glia cells.Although these cells exist within different parts of the brain, it is those ... read more

May 12, 2016 — A research team has developed a method, called SLENDR, that allows precise modification of neuronal DNA in living samples. Using their new technique, the research team was able to reliably label two ... read more

Should We Rethink of Causes of Dementia?

May 12, 2016 — A new theory for the causes of dementia and other neurodegenerative diseases has been developed, involving an out-of-control immune ... read more

'Communication Breakdown' During General Anesthesia

May 11, 2016 — Some anesthesia drugs work in a straightforward manner by dampening down neurons in the brain. The mechanism of one anesthetic, however, has proved elusive: ketamine. When ketamine is used for ... read more

New Brain Research May Help Treat Single-Sided Deafness

May 11, 2016 — A new discovery could help people suffering with single-sided deafness (SSD) find a treatment quicker -- and could potentially lead to a cure. SSD can be caused by a number of things -- from viral ... read more

Why Bad Experiences Are Remembered out of Context

May 10, 2016 — Bad experiences can cause people to strongly remember the negative content itself but only weakly remember the surrounding context, and a new study has revealed how this happens in the brain. The ... read more

May 9, 2016 — Bacteria living in the gut may remotely influence the activity of cells in the brain that are involved in controlling inflammation and neurodegeneration, new research suggests. Using pre-clinical ... read more

Gene Linked to Alzheimer's Disease Impairs Memory by Disrupting Brain's 'Playback System'

May 6, 2016 — Scientists have discovered how the major genetic risk factor for Alzheimer's disease causes memory impairment. A specific type of brain activity important for memory replay is disrupted in mice ... read more

Researchers Track Critical Development in the Young Brain

May 5, 2016 — A recent study combined two related but different imaging techniques to non-invasively track the rate at which nerve fibers in children's brains become wrapped in myelin. The work could lead to ... read more

Gene Replacement Therapy Offers Viable Treatment Option for Fatal Disease

May 5, 2016 — Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a disease that causes progressive degeneration in the nerve cells that control muscles, thereby causing muscle weakness and eventually death. SMA affects ... read more

Research Findings Reveal Potential to Reverse Cancer-Related Nerve Pain

May 5, 2016 — A study providing new information about neuropathic pain afflicting some 90 percent of cancer patients who have had nerve damage caused by tumors, surgery, chemotherapy or radiation indicates gene ... read more

May 5, 2016 — An important mechanism has been identified with which memory switches from recall to memorization mode. The study may shed new light on the cellular causes of dementia, say ... read more

May 5, 2016 — Researchers have used a completely new preclinical technique and analysis of tissue from patients to show exactly what happens when certain patients with Parkinson's disease are restored as a ... read more

Researchers Identify New Pathway Leading to Alzheimer's Disease

May 5, 2016 — A newly discovered pathway leading to neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's disease may unlock the door to new approaches for treating the ... read more

Scientists Find Root Cause of Appetite Loss During Illness

May 4, 2016 — Loss of appetite during illness is a common and potentially debilitating phenomenon—in cancer patients, especially, it can even shorten lifespan. The research also points to possible drug targets ... read more

Our Brain Suppresses Perception Related to Heartbeat, for Our Own Good

May 4, 2016 — Researchers have discovered that the human brain suppresses the sensory effects of the heartbeat. They believe that this mechanism prevents internal sensations from interfering with the brain's ... read more

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