Nervous System News
August 24, 2016

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August 24, 2016

Bioimaging: A Clear View of the Nervous System

Aug. 22, 2016 — A new and versatile imaging technique enables researchers to trace the trajectories of whole nerve cells and provides extensive insights into the structure of neuronal ... read more

Aug. 22, 2016 — Scientists have demonstrated the role of lysosomal vesicles in transporting alpha-synuclein aggregates, responsible for Parkinson's and other neurodegenerative diseases, between neurons. These ... read more

Potential Therapeutic Target for Huntington's Disease

Aug. 16, 2016 — There is new hope in the fight against Huntington's disease. Scientists have discovered that changing a specific part of the huntingtin protein prevented the loss of critical brain cells and ... read more

Microscale and Macroscale Brain Disruptions Are Associated in Schizophrenia

Aug. 16, 2016 — Brain abnormalities in schizophrenia have been identified at the microscale (alterations in synaptic connections between neurons) and the macroscale (altered connections between brain regions). ... read more

Researchers Examine How Parkinson's Disease Alters Brain Activity Over Time

Aug. 15, 2016 — Neuroscientists peered into the brains of patients with Parkinson's disease and two similar conditions to see how their neural responses changed over time. The study may provide a new tool for ... read more

Aug. 15, 2016 — Neuroscientists have identified the neural networks that connect the cerebral cortex to the adrenal medulla, which is responsible for the body's rapid response in stressful situations. These ... read more

Aug. 15, 2016 — A new, non-invasive way to track the progression of Parkinson’s disease could help evaluate experimental treatments to slow or stop the disease’s progression, say ... read more

Defect in Process That Controls Gene Expression May Contribute to Huntington's Disease

Aug. 15, 2016 — Researchers have identified a gene silencing mechanism that maintains neuronal specification and protects against neurodegeneration, a new report ... read more

Sugar Addiction: Discovery of a Brain Sugar Switch

Aug. 12, 2016 — Researchers have discovered that our brain actively takes sugar from the blood. Prior to this, researchers had assumed that this was a purely passive process. The transportation of sugar into the ... read more

Aug. 12, 2016 — Humans have evolved a disproportionately large brain as a result of sizing each other up in large cooperative social groups, researchers have ... read more

Study of Brain Activity Shows That Food Commercials Influence Children's Food Choices

Aug. 12, 2016 — Food advertising is a multi-billion dollar industry, with approximately $1.8 billion annually aimed at children and adolescents, who view 1,000-2,000 ads per year. Some studies have shown there is a ... read more

Structural Images Shed New Light on a Cancer-Linked Potassium Channel

Aug. 11, 2016 — Using cryo-electron microscopy, researchers gained new insights about how the channel functions based on what they saw in the section that spans the cell's membrane. The channel has been found ... read more

First Treatment for Spinal Muscular Atrophy to Be Submitted for FDA Approval Based on Positive Results in Clinical Trial

Aug. 11, 2016 — A major milestone was reached when nusinersen, an investigational treatment for spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), was shown to significantly improve achievement of motor milestones in babies with ... read more

Aug. 11, 2016 — Researchers have used a gene editing tool called CRISPR to turn cells isolated from mouse connective tissue directly into neuronal cells. Results indicate that the newly converted neuronal cells show ... read more

Aug. 11, 2016 — Eight people who have spent years paralyzed from spinal cord injuries have regained partial sensation and muscle control in their lower limbs after training with brain-controlled robotics, according ... read more

New PET Scan Tracer Allows First Imaging of the Epigenetics of the Human Brain

Aug. 10, 2016 — A novel PET radiotracer is able for the first time to reveal epigenetic activity -- the process that determines whether or not genes are expressed -- within the human ... read more

Aug. 10, 2016 — In a study spanning molecular genetics, stem cells and the sciences of both brain and behavior, researchers have created a neurodevelopmental model of a rare genetic disorder that may provide new ... read more

Aug. 10, 2016 — More details have been uncovered of an association between Zika virus infection in the womb and a condition known as arthrogryposis, which causes joint deformities at birth, particularly in the arms ... read more

Aug. 9, 2016 — It is impossible to predict the onset of schizophrenic psychosis. If factors linked to a risk of psychosis can be identified, however, these may yield significant insights into its underlying ... read more

Cascade of Events Leading to Prion Disease Described

Aug. 9, 2016 — New experiments in mice now enable researchers to evaluate prion disease progression and potential therapeutic interventions in vivo, according to a new ... read more

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