Nervous System News
July 26, 2016

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July 26, 2016

Scientists Apply New Imaging Tool to Common Brain Disorders

July 20, 2016 — A new approach has been developed to scanning the brain for changes in synapses that are associated with common brain disorders. The technique may provide insights into the diagnosis and treatment of ... read more

July 20, 2016 — The contact points of cells in the cerebral cortex form functional ... read more

July 20, 2016 — A new study has uncovered details of how a type of immune cell helps the brain get rid of the tiny amyloid-beta aggregates that can clump together to form the plaques characteristic of ... read more

People Estimate Their Own Abilities Based on Others' Performance

July 20, 2016 — Ratings of our own abilities are strongly influenced by the performance of others, according to a new study. Interacting with high performers makes us feel more capable in cooperative team settings, ... read more

Antibody-Based Drug for Multiple Sclerosis

July 19, 2016 — A research team has developed an antibody with potential therapeutic effects against multiple sclerosis. The study paves the way for a new strategy to control the disease, say the ... read more

July 19, 2016 — Scientists have shown that the most common genetic cause of Parkinson's disease -- a mutant LRRK2 kinase enzyme -- contributes to the formation of inclusions in neurons, resembling one of the ... read more

July 19, 2016 — Researchers have found how sensory nerve cells work together to transmit itch signals from the skin to the spinal cord, where neurons then carry those signals to the brain. Their discovery may ... read more

The Architecture of Audition: Study Shows Auditory Cortex of Hearing, Deaf People Are Nearly Identical

July 17, 2016 — The neural architecture in the auditory cortex -- the part of the brain that processes sound -- of profoundly deaf and hearing people is virtually identical, a new study has found. The study raises a ... read more

Repeated Stimulation Treatment Can Restore Movement to Paralyzed Muscles

July 15, 2016 — A new patient study could open a new opportunity to rehabilitate patients with spinal cord damage, say investigators. This study represents the first time that attempts were made to rehabilitate ... read more

July 14, 2016 — Every time you move around, you are turning on genes in your brain. A study in mice shows that if such genes get stuck in the "on" position, the consequences can include faulty brain wiring ... read more

Promising New Insights Into ALS

July 14, 2016 — Research into amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) has led to interesting and unexpected conclusions. When scientists were investigating the relevance of the higher expression of the IP3R2 protein in ... read more

July 13, 2016 — The majority of cases of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are unknown. Now researchers have created a "mini-brain" model, derived from persons with a particular form of idiopathic ASD ... read more

Drug-Use May Hamper Moral Judgment

July 13, 2016 — Regular cocaine and methamphetamine users can have difficulty choosing between right and wrong, perhaps because the specific parts of their brains used for moral processing and evaluating emotions ... read more

July 13, 2016 — Researchers have identified a new biological pathway involved in Alzheimer's disease. In experiments using fruit flies, blocking the pathway reduced the death of brain cells, suggesting that ... read more

July 12, 2016 — A new understanding of how developing brain cells come to rely on oxygen may inform the treatment of brain diseases. The findings reveal a metabolic route thought to go awry in cancer and ... read more

Brain Pathway Contributes to Restraining from Food Temptation Triggered by Environmental Cues

July 12, 2016 — It is often difficult to resist the presentation of a dessert tray or a display of candy bars near a cashier. Eating those excess calories can contribute to overweight and obesity and is often driven ... read more

Cancer Drug Restores Brain Dopamine, Reduces Toxic Proteins in Parkinson, Dementia

July 12, 2016 — A small phase I study provides molecular evidence that an FDA-approved drug for leukemia significantly increased brain dopamine and reduced toxic proteins linked to disease progression in patients ... read more

Scientists Identify Neurochemical Signal Likely Missing in Parkinson's

July 11, 2016 — Neuroscientists have identified the neurochemical signal likely missing in Parkinson's disease by discovering two distinctly different kinds of neurons that deliver dopamine to an important ... read more

July 11, 2016 — Understanding the networks of connections between brain regions and how they are changed by a stroke is crucial to understanding how stroke patients heal, according to new research. The types of ... read more

July 11, 2016 — Research that reveals what goes wrong in SMA and suggests that a mild version of the same genetic defect may protect relatives against infection, which could explain why SMA is a relatively common ... read more

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