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Artificial intelligence predicts treatment effectiveness

Date:
November 16, 2018
Source:
University of Eastern Finland
Summary:
How can a doctor predict the treatment outcome of an individual patient? Traditionally, the effectiveness of medical treatments is studied by randomized trials, but is this really the only reliable way to evaluate treatment effectiveness, or could something be done differently? How can the effectiveness of a treatment method be evaluated in practice? Could some patients benefit from a treatment that does not cause a response in others? A new method now provides answers to these questions.
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How can a doctor predict the treatment outcome of an individual patient? Traditionally, the effectiveness of medical treatments is studied by randomised trials where patients are randomly divided into two groups: one of the groups is given treatment, and the other a placebo. Is this really the only reliable way to evaluate treatment effectiveness, or could something be done differently? How can the effectiveness of a treatment method be evaluated in practice? Could some patients benefit from a treatment that does not cause a response in others?

A new method developed by Finnish researchers at the University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio University Hospital and Aalto University now provides answers to these questions. Using modelling, the method makes it possible to compare different treatment alternatives and to identify patients who will benefit from treatment. Relying on artificial intelligence, the method is based on causal Bayesian networks.

According to Professor Emeritus Olli-Pekka Ryynänen from the University of Eastern Finland, the method opens up new and significant avenues for the development of medical research.

"We can now predict the treatment outcome in individual patients and to evaluate existing and new treatment methods. With this method, it is also possible to replace some randomised trials with modelling," Professor Emeritus Ryynänen says.

In the newly published study, the researchers used the method to evaluate treatment effectiveness in obstructive sleep apnea; however, the method can also be applied to other treatments. The study showed that in patients with sleep apnea, the continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment reduced mortality and the occurrence of myocardial infarctions and cerebrovascular insults by five percent in the long term. For patients with heart conditions, CPAP was less beneficial.

The findings were reported in Healthcare Informatics Research.


Story Source:

Materials provided by University of Eastern Finland. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Olli-Pekka Ryynänen, Timo Leppänen, Pekka Kekolahti, Esa Mervaala, Juha Töyräs. Bayesian Network Model to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Treatment of Sleep Apnea. Healthcare Informatics Research, 2018; 24 (4): 346 DOI: 10.4258/hir.2018.24.4.346

Cite This Page:

University of Eastern Finland. "Artificial intelligence predicts treatment effectiveness." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 16 November 2018. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/11/181116110630.htm>.
University of Eastern Finland. (2018, November 16). Artificial intelligence predicts treatment effectiveness. ScienceDaily. Retrieved June 15, 2024 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/11/181116110630.htm
University of Eastern Finland. "Artificial intelligence predicts treatment effectiveness." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/11/181116110630.htm (accessed June 15, 2024).

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