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New technique for engineering living materials and patterns

Date:
June 5, 2020
Source:
University of Warwick
Summary:
A new method for engineering living materials called 'MeniFluidics' could see a transformation in tissue engineering and bio-art, as well as new ways to research cellular interactions.
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A new method for engineering living materials called 'MeniFluidics', made by researchers at the University of Warwick could see a transformation in tissue engineering and bio-art, as well as new ways to research cellular interactions.A bacterial biofilm patterned using MeniFluidics.

Living cells have many properties that non-living materials simply don't. The ability of controlling the emergent behaviours of cells and organising them into arbitrary patterns is a key step forward towards utilizing living materials, for uses such as organs on a chip. This is why new technologies are being developed to obtain such an ability.

Physicists and biologists at the University of Warwick have teamed up to develop a new method for controlling cellular patterns, published in the journal ACS Synthetic Biology, titled 'Pattern engineering of living bacterial colonies using meniscus-driven fluidic channels', their new technique is called MeniFluidics.

Grounded on the physics of meniscus generation, the researchers implemented structures into gel surfaces. Evaporation of water from gel materials lead to formation of open channels which can be used for guiding the direction and speed of cellular expansion.

Dr Vasily Kantsler, from Department of Physics at the University of Warwick comments;

"I believe that our catchy named (Menifluidics) technique will enable new opportunities in biophysical and biomedical research and applications such as antibiotic resistance and biofouling"

Dr Munehiro Asally, from School of Life Science at the University of Warwick adds;

"We hope MeniFluidics will be used widely by biophysics, microbiologists, engineers and also artists! As it is a simple and versatile method."


Story Source:

Materials provided by University of Warwick. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Vasily Kantsler, Elena Ontañón-McDonald, Cansu Kuey, Manjari J. Ghanshyam, Maria Chiara Roffin, Munehiro Asally. Pattern Engineering of Living Bacterial Colonies Using Meniscus-Driven Fluidic Channels. ACS Synthetic Biology, 2020; DOI: 10.1021/acssynbio.0c00146

Cite This Page:

University of Warwick. "New technique for engineering living materials and patterns." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 5 June 2020. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2020/06/200605132435.htm>.
University of Warwick. (2020, June 5). New technique for engineering living materials and patterns. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 20, 2024 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2020/06/200605132435.htm
University of Warwick. "New technique for engineering living materials and patterns." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2020/06/200605132435.htm (accessed April 20, 2024).

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