Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Silicon Valley's Electronics Manufacturing Toxins Are Concentrated In Poor, Latino Neighborhoods

Date:
August 26, 1998
Source:
American Sociological Association
Summary:
According to sociologist Andrew Szasz, environmental inequality lies beneath Silicon Valley's booming electronics industry. Szasz, a professor of sociology at the University of California at Santa Cruz, analyzed census data and EPA records to produce maps that show toxic emissions concentrated in neighborhoods that tend to be poorer and more Latino than the rest of the county.

SAN FRANCISCO, Calif. -- According to sociologist Andrew Szasz, environmental inequality lies beneath Silicon Valley's booming electronics industry. Szasz, a professor of sociology at the University of California at Santa Cruz, analyzed census data and EPA records to produce maps that show toxic emissions concentrated in neighborhoods that tend to be poorer and more Latino than the rest of the county. His findings will be presented August 24 at the Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association in San Francisco, Calif.

The rapid transformation of Santa Clara County from a productive agricultural region to a major electronics manufacturing center made it ripe for study, said Szasz. Now, with compelling evidence of environmental inequality in the region, Szasz says the question is what to do to protect people from being systematically victimized because of their ethnicity and income level.

Szasz documents changes from 1960 to 1990 in the racial makeup and median income levels of neighborhoods, and he uses the EPA's Toxics Releases Inventory (TRI) to track the presence of toxic materials.

Many of the hazardous chemicals used in the computer chip manufacturing are included in the TRI list of toxic substances. In Santa Clara County, about 10 percent of TRI materials are emitted directly into the air; the bulk-nearly 75 percent in 1990-are shipped off-site to treatment and disposal facilities, according to Szasz.

Researchers agree that addressing the problem of environmental inequality requires understanding the processes that occur over to create unequal exposure to environmental risks. That, in turn, requires going beyond documenting inequalities at a single moment in time and doing local histories. Stasz's profile of Santa Clara County is one of less than 10 such studies. Unlike most of the others, which have typically focused on older industrial, "rust belt" cities, Szasz's work examines a community where more recent, "high technology," industrialization occurred.

Dr. Szasz and research associate Michael Meuser of UCSC will present their paper, "Incorporating Spatial, Temporal, and Demographic Factors into Environmental Justice Research" as part of an ASA Thematic Session entitled "Environmental Justice: Advances in Theory, Research and Methodology" on August 24 at 2:30 p.m.

Project maps and findings are posted on the following Web site: http://www.mapcruzin.com/EI/

Over five thousand participants are expected at the ASA Annual Meeting, August 21-25 at the San Francisco Hilton and Towers Hotel for hundreds of sessions and presentations on topics including immigration, affirmative action, families and children, health care, and welfare. Journalists are invited to register in the media office, located in rooms 1-2 Union Square on the 4th floor of the San Francisco Hilton, 333 O'Farrell Street.

The American Sociological Association, founded in 1905, is a non-profit membership association dedicated to serving sociologists in their work, advancing sociology as a science and profession, and to promoting the contributions and use of sociology to society.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by American Sociological Association. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

American Sociological Association. "Silicon Valley's Electronics Manufacturing Toxins Are Concentrated In Poor, Latino Neighborhoods." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 26 August 1998. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/1998/08/980826082847.htm>.
American Sociological Association. (1998, August 26). Silicon Valley's Electronics Manufacturing Toxins Are Concentrated In Poor, Latino Neighborhoods. ScienceDaily. Retrieved August 21, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/1998/08/980826082847.htm
American Sociological Association. "Silicon Valley's Electronics Manufacturing Toxins Are Concentrated In Poor, Latino Neighborhoods." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/1998/08/980826082847.htm (accessed August 21, 2014).

Share This




More Earth & Climate News

Thursday, August 21, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Unsustainable Elephant Poaching Killed 100K In 3 Years

Unsustainable Elephant Poaching Killed 100K In 3 Years

Newsy (Aug. 20, 2014) Poachers have killed 100,000 elephants between 2010 and 2012, as the booming ivory trade takes its toll on the animals in Africa. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Charter Schools Alter Post-Katrina Landscape

Charter Schools Alter Post-Katrina Landscape

AP (Aug. 20, 2014) Nine years after Hurricane Katrina, charter schools are the new reality of public education in New Orleans. The state of Louisiana took over most of the city's public schools after the killer storm in 2005. (Aug. 20) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Green Power Blooms as Japan Unveils 'hydrangea Solar Cell'

Green Power Blooms as Japan Unveils 'hydrangea Solar Cell'

AFP (Aug. 19, 2014) A solar cell that resembles a flower is offering a new take on green energy in Japan, where one scientist is searching for renewables that look good. Duration: 01:29 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Disquieting Times for Malaysia's 'fish Listeners'

Disquieting Times for Malaysia's 'fish Listeners'

AFP (Aug. 19, 2014) Malaysia's last "fish listeners" -- practitioners of a dying local art of listening underwater to locate their quarry -- try to keep the ancient technique alive in the face of industrial trawling and the depletion of stocks. Duration: 02:29 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins