Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

SFU Computer Model To Help Cut Greenhouse Gas

Date:
November 20, 1998
Source:
Simon Fraser University
Summary:
A computer model for evaluating policies developed at Simon Fraser University will play a key role in helping the country reduce its greenhouse gas emissions. The Canadian federal government has adopted ISTUM, or intra-sectoral technology use model, to estimate the costs associated with reducing Canada's greenhouse gas emissions and develop policies that will help the country get closer to its reduction targets in the next century.

A computer model for evaluating policies developed at Simon Fraser University will play a key role in helping the country reduce its greenhouse gas emissions. The federal government has adopted ISTUM, or intra-sectoral technology use model, to estimate the costs associated with reducing Canada's greenhouse gas emissions and develop policies that will help the country get closer to its reduction targets in the next century.

Related Articles


The model was designed by Mark Jaccard, an associate professor in the school of resource and environmental management, when he was a doctoral student a decade ago. He's since refined it, while recent PhD graduate John Nyboer has collected massive amounts of data for analysis on everything related to technology use -- from home and business energy consumption to production costs -- for the entire country.

ISTUM works by keeping track of all data related to technology, then simulating the behavior of households and firms when they make decisions to acquire something that uses energy. It can then search out opportunities for energy savings or efficiencies and look at what policies or policy changes are needed. "In other words, we can use this model to say 'here are some policies we want to develop or change, which could include adding regulations, extra fees or subsidies, creating incentives or providing more information to consumers ' all different ways in which you might try to influence people's decisions when they buy equipment," explains Jaccard, a member of the B.C. Greenhouse Gas Forum. He has also spent the past four years as one of two Canadian appointees to the intergovernmental panel on climate change and is director of SFU's energy research group, which includes Nyboer and colleague Alison Baillie.

The SFU model has been used for energy efficiency in industry as well as by the provincial government and has become the new tool in the federal government's greenhouse gas reduction plan.

"Energy efficiency and fuel switching are the two pillars of greenhouse gas reduction policies we look at," notes Jaccard. "There are other approaches -- reducing the population, or the standard of living -- but neither is on the political agenda. We're saying, tell us what the population and standard of living will be, and we'll work on the technical side to see what policies are needed to effect the mix of technologies out there. In that sense, this is an immediate policy tool."

Governments are interested in the year 2010, as the deadlines chosen in Kyoto last winter "are driving everything," says Jaccard. "They're saying, finally, at the international level, there is a binding commitment to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Are they attainable? In my opinion, not with the policies they're currently working with.

"I think we're going to have an iterative process, where the government will try certain policies, realize they're not getting us far -- in fact, the model will help to predict that -- then move towards stronger policies, with ongoing public education."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Simon Fraser University. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Simon Fraser University. "SFU Computer Model To Help Cut Greenhouse Gas." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 20 November 1998. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/1998/11/981120080224.htm>.
Simon Fraser University. (1998, November 20). SFU Computer Model To Help Cut Greenhouse Gas. ScienceDaily. Retrieved February 26, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/1998/11/981120080224.htm
Simon Fraser University. "SFU Computer Model To Help Cut Greenhouse Gas." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/1998/11/981120080224.htm (accessed February 26, 2015).

Share This


More From ScienceDaily



More Earth & Climate News

Thursday, February 26, 2015

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Winter Storm Means Dangerous Driving in South

Winter Storm Means Dangerous Driving in South

AP (Feb. 26, 2015) A new winter storm is stretching across the south, making travel treacherous throughout the region. (Feb. 26) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
New York City Surrounded by Ice Floes

New York City Surrounded by Ice Floes

AP (Feb. 25, 2015) The freezing temperatures that have plagued much of the eastern U.S. haven&apos;t spared New York City. The waterways around the island of Manhattan are filled with ice. (Feb. 25) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Raw: Widespread Flooding in Northern Bolivia

Raw: Widespread Flooding in Northern Bolivia

AP (Feb. 25, 2015) Bolivian Vice President Alvaro Garcia surveyed severe flood damage in the northern province of Pando, as people were evacuated from partially submerged houses by boat. (Feb. 25) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
The Amazon Keeps Its Green Thanks To The Sahara Desert

The Amazon Keeps Its Green Thanks To The Sahara Desert

Newsy (Feb. 25, 2015) Satellite data shows the Amazon rainforest supports its lush flora with a little help from Sahara Desert dust. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories


Plants & Animals

Earth & Climate

Fossils & Ruins

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins