Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Too Many Sweetened Drinks, From Soda To Lemonade, Put Children At Risk For Obesity, Poor Nutrition, Study At Cornell Finds

Date:
June 27, 2003
Source:
Cornell University
Summary:
Too much soda and other sugar-filled drinks make children fat. That is the message of a two-month study by nutritionists at Cornell University.

ITHACA, N.Y. -- Too much soda and other sugar-filled drinks make children fat. That is the message of a two-month study by nutritionists at Cornell University.

Related Articles


Children who drank more than 12 ounces of sweetened drinks gained significantly more weight than children who drank less than six ounces a day. That's because children do not reduce how much food they eat at meals for the calories they consume in sweetened drinks. The more sweetened drinks they consumed, the greater their daily caloric intake and the greater the weight gain.

The researchers followed 30 children for five days a week for two months for the study, the first to monitor children's daily sweetened drink and food consumption for that long. The survey supports previous findings that excessive sweetened drink consumption adversely affects nutrition and promotes obesity in school-age children, says David Levitsky, professor of nutritional sciences and of psychology at Cornell. The findings are published in the latest issue (June 2003) of the Journal of Pediatrics.

The researchers define sweetened drinks as soda, fruit punch, bottled tea or drinks made from fruit-flavored powders, such as grape and lemonade.

The researchers also found that the more sweetened beverages the children consume, the less milk they drink because, when offered a choice between sweetened drinks and milk, they choose the sweetened drink and caregivers tend not to offer milk when they serve a sweetened drink as a snack or at a meal. As a result, children who consumed more than 12 ounces of sweetened drinks ingested less calcium and zinc than the recommended amounts.

The work was part of the Ph.D. dissertation conducted by Gordana Mrdjenovic under Levitsky's direction. The study was conducted on children aged 6 to 12 who attended Cornell's weekday day camp at which breakfast, lunch and two snacks were served. To assess the effects of sweetened drinks on caloric and nutrient intake and weight gain, the researchers prepared the food and recorded what the children ate or drank at the camp. "These findings suggest that sweetened drinks may be a significant factor in the increase in obesity among children in the United States," says Levitsky. "And the fact that these drinks and fruit juice displace milk is dangerous, especially for girls, who need a strong supply of calcium before they mature or they will be at risk for osteoporosis after age 60."

Among the researchers' findings:

o Children who drank more than 16 ounces a day of sweetened drinks consumed four fewer ounces of milk a day than children who avoided sweetened drinks -- and they obtained 20 percent less phosphorus, 19 percent less protein and magnesium, 16 percent less calcium and 10 percent less vitamin A per day.

o Children consuming sweetened drinks took in 244 more calories a day than on days when they did not drink these beverages. Their solid food intake on these two occasions varied only by about 2 ounces.

o Over the two months of the study, children who drank more than 16 ounces a day of sweetened beverages gained an average of 2.5 pounds, compared with a 0.7 to 1 pound gain in children who consumed on average 6 to 16 ounces of sweetened drinks a day.

o When given a choice between sweetened drinks and milk, children choose the sweetened drink. Caregivers are less likely to serve milk when they also serve sweetened drinks.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Cornell University. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Cornell University. "Too Many Sweetened Drinks, From Soda To Lemonade, Put Children At Risk For Obesity, Poor Nutrition, Study At Cornell Finds." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 27 June 2003. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2003/06/030626235716.htm>.
Cornell University. (2003, June 27). Too Many Sweetened Drinks, From Soda To Lemonade, Put Children At Risk For Obesity, Poor Nutrition, Study At Cornell Finds. ScienceDaily. Retrieved November 28, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2003/06/030626235716.htm
Cornell University. "Too Many Sweetened Drinks, From Soda To Lemonade, Put Children At Risk For Obesity, Poor Nutrition, Study At Cornell Finds." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2003/06/030626235716.htm (accessed November 28, 2014).

Share This


More From ScienceDaily



More Health & Medicine News

Friday, November 28, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Ebola Leaves Orphans Alone in Sierra Leone

Ebola Leaves Orphans Alone in Sierra Leone

AFP (Nov. 27, 2014) — The Ebola epidemic sweeping Sierra Leone is having a profound effect on the country's children, many of whom have been left without any family members to support them. Duration: 01:02 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Experimental Ebola Vaccine Shows Promise In Human Trial

Experimental Ebola Vaccine Shows Promise In Human Trial

Newsy (Nov. 27, 2014) — A recent test of a prototype Ebola vaccine generated an immune response to the disease in subjects. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Pet Dogs to Be Used in Anti-Ageing Trial

Pet Dogs to Be Used in Anti-Ageing Trial

Reuters - Innovations Video Online (Nov. 26, 2014) — Researchers in the United States are preparing to discover whether a drug commonly used in human organ transplants can extend the lifespan and health quality of pet dogs. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Today's Prostheses Are More Capable Than Ever

Today's Prostheses Are More Capable Than Ever

Newsy (Nov. 26, 2014) — Advances in prosthetics are making replacement body parts stronger and more lifelike than they’ve ever been. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories

 

Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:  

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile iPhone Android Web
Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins